Dialogue

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maryssa: Hi everyone, I'm Maryssa.
Albert: And I'm Albert.
Maryssa: And welcome to Must-Know German Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 22. Requesting Permission.
Maryssa: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for requesting permission.
PATTERN
Maryssa: For example,
Maryssa: "May I come in?"
Albert: Darf ich hereinkommen?
Albert: [slow] Darf ich hereinkommen?
Maryssa: The pattern for requesting permission has three elements. First, "May I".
Albert: Darf ich.
Maryssa: Second, the complement for "in" (only in combination with the verb).
Albert: herein.
Maryssa: Third, the verb for "come".
Albert: kommen?.
Maryssa: Altogether, we have... "May I come in?"
Albert: Darf ich hereinkommen? [slow] Darf ich hereinkommen? [normal] Darf ich hereinkommen?
Maryssa: Use the German "may I" to ask for permission. Then, use a complement to emphasize exactly what you want to request permission for by adding more details about what you want to do, such as an adverb, noun, or phrase. Always end the request with a verb in infinitive form.
Albert: Darf ich hereinkommen?
Maryssa: So remember, to request permission, use the German "may I" followed by a complement and then conclude it with a verb in its infinite form.
Maryssa: Here is another example meaning, "May I open the door?" First, "May I".
Albert: Darf ich.
Maryssa: Second, the complement for "the door".
Albert: die Tür.
Maryssa: Third, the verb for "open".
Albert: öffnen?
Maryssa: Altogether we have...
Albert: Darf ich die Tür öffnen? [slow] Darf ich die Tür öffnen? [normal] Darf ich die Tür öffnen?
Maryssa: "May I open the door?"
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich die Tür öffnen?
Maryssa: How do you say - "May I drink the coffee?" To give you a hint, "coffee" is...
Albert: Kaffee. [slow] Kaffee. [normal] Kaffee.
Maryssa: "May I drink the coffee?"
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich den Kaffee trinken? [slow] Darf ich den Kaffee trinken? [normal] Darf ich den Kaffee trinken?
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich den Kaffee trinken?
REVIEW
Maryssa: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in German. Here we go.
Maryssa: "May I come in?"
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich hereinkommen?
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich hereinkommen?
Maryssa: "May I open the door?"
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich die Tür öffnen?
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich die Tür öffnen?
Maryssa: "May I drink the coffee?"
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich den Kaffee trinken?
[pause]
Albert: Darf ich den Kaffee trinken?
OUTRO
Maryssa: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for requesting permission, as in...
Albert: Darf ich hereinkommen?
Maryssa: meaning "May I come in?"
Maryssa: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out at GermanPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Albert: Bis zum nächsten Mal!

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