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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maryssa: Hi everyone, I'm Maryssa.
Albert: And I'm Albert.
Maryssa: And welcome to Must-Know German Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 21. Making Polite Commands.
Maryssa: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing something that needs to be done.
PATTERN
Maryssa: For example,
Maryssa: "You have to clean the car right now."
Albert: Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen.
Albert: [slow] Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen.
Maryssa: The pattern for describing something that needs to be done has four elements. First, "you have to".
Albert: Du musst.
Maryssa: Second, the subject for "the car".
Albert: das Auto.
Maryssa: Third, the adverb for "now".
Albert: jetzt.
Maryssa: And last, the verb for "to clean".
Albert: waschen.
Maryssa: Altogether, we have... "You have to clean the car right now."
Albert: Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen. [slow] Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen. [normal] Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen.
Maryssa: Start with the German phrase for "You have to", the verb "have" is conjugated in the second person singular and the pronoun "you" comes after it. Then add a subject and an adverb to emphasize the urgency. At the end of the sentence, you have to add a verb in its infinite form.
Albert: Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen.
Maryssa: So remember to just use the German "you have to" followed by the subject and adverb and then conclude the sentence with a verb in its infinitive form to describe something that needs to be done.
Maryssa: Here is another example meaning, "You have to cook the food now." First, "you have to".
Albert: Du musst.
Maryssa: Second, the subject for "the food".
Albert: das Essen.
Maryssa: Third, the adverb for "now".
Albert: jetzt.
Maryssa: And last, the verb for "to cook".
Albert: kochen.
Maryssa: Altogether we have...
Albert: Du musst das Essen jetzt kochen. [slow] Du musst das Essen jetzt kochen. [normal] Du musst das Essen jetzt kochen.
Maryssa: "You have to cook the food now."
[pause]
Albert: Du musst das Essen jetzt kochen.
Maryssa: How do you say - "You have to do your homework now." To give you a hint, "homework" is...
Albert: Hausaufgaben. [slow] Hausaufgaben. [normal] Hausaufgaben.
Maryssa: "You have to do your homework now."
[pause]
Albert: Du musst deine Hausaufgaben jetzt machen. [slow] Du musst deine Hausaufgaben jetzt machen. [normal] Du musst deine Hausaufgaben jetzt machen.
[pause]
Albert: Du musst deine Hausaufgaben jetzt machen.
REVIEW
Maryssa: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in German. Here we go.
Maryssa: "You have to clean the car right now."
[pause]
Albert: Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen.
[pause]
Albert: Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen.
Maryssa: "You have to cook the food now."
[pause]
Albert: Du musst das Essen jetzt kochen.
[pause]
Albert: Du musst das Essen jetzt kochen.
Maryssa: "You have to do your homework now."
[pause]
Albert: Du musst deine Hausaufgaben jetzt machen.
[pause]
Albert: Du musst deine Hausaufgaben jetzt machen.
OUTRO
Maryssa: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing something that needs to be done, as in...
Albert: Du musst das Auto jetzt waschen.
Maryssa: meaning "You have to clean the car right now."
Maryssa: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on GermanPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Albert: Bis zum nรคchsten Mal!

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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 5:07 am
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Hallo Diana,


Thank you for your cute post!


In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team GermanPod101.com

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Diana Legault
Thursday at 5:37 am
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