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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maryssa: Hi everyone, I'm Maryssa.
Albert: And I'm Albert.
Maryssa: And welcome to Must-Know German Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 19. Describing Excess with Quantifiers.
Maryssa: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing excess.
PATTERN
Maryssa: For example,
Maryssa: "There are too many trees in the garden."
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten.
Albert: [slow] Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten.
Maryssa: The pattern for describing excess has three elements. First, "There are".
Albert: Es gibt.
Maryssa: Second, "too many".
Albert: zu viele.
Maryssa: Third, the complement for "trees in the garden".
Albert: Bäume im Garten.
Maryssa: Altogether, we have... "There are too many trees in the garden."
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten. [slow] Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten. [normal] Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten.
Maryssa: In German, you can describe excess by simply using the German phrase for "There is/There are", followed by "too much/too many" conjugated in the correct tense (which changes between singular and plural), and adding a complement in the end to describe the situation.
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten.
Maryssa: So remember, for describing excess, just use the German "there is/there are", followed by "too much/too many", and then add a complement in the end.
Maryssa: Here is another example meaning, "There are too many cars on the streets." First, "There are".
Albert: Es gibt.
Maryssa: Second, "too many".
Albert: zu viele.
Maryssa: Third, the complement for "cars on the street".
Albert: Autos auf der Straße.
Maryssa: Altogether we have...
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Autos auf der Straße. [slow] Es gibt zu viele Autos auf der Straße. [normal] Es gibt zu viele Autos auf der Straße.
Maryssa: "There are too many cars on the streets."
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Autos auf der Straße.
Maryssa: How do you say - "There are too many birds on the roof." To give you a hint, "birds" is...
Albert: Vögel. [slow] Vögel. [normal] Vögel.
Maryssa: "There are too many birds on the roof."
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Vögel auf dem Dach. [slow] Es gibt zu viele Vögel auf dem Dach. [normal] Es gibt zu viele Vögel auf dem Dach.
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Vögel auf dem Dach.
REVIEW
Maryssa: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in German. Here we go.
Maryssa: "There are too many trees in the garden."
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten.
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten.
Maryssa: "There are too many cars on the streets."
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Autos auf der Straße.
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Autos auf der Straße.
Maryssa: "There are too many birds on the roof."
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Vögel auf dem Dach.
[pause]
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Vögel auf dem Dach.
OUTRO
Maryssa: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing excess, as in...
Albert: Es gibt zu viele Bäume im Garten.
Maryssa: meaning "There are too many trees in the garden."
Maryssa: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on GermanPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Albert: Bis zum nächsten Mal!

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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Try describing excess using this pattern in the comments!

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GermanPod101.com
Friday at 7:31 am
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Hi Patty,


Thank you for your feedback and well done.

Please allow me to make one tiny little change:

Es gibt zu viele Gabeln auf demTisch. (Can you spot it?)😉


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


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Patty
Tuesday at 12:11 am
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Es gibt zu viele Gabel auf demTisch.