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Lesson Transcript

M: Hello and welcome to German Survival Phrases brought to you by germanpod101.com, this course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Germany. You will be surprised at how far a little German will go. Now before we jump in, remember to stop by germanpod101.com and there you will find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.
F: German Survival Phrases. Lesson 16, Counting 11 through 100. Today we are going to continue on with counting as we cover 11 to 100. Let’s just quickly review 1 to 10 [eins, zwei, drei, vier, fünf, sechs, sieben, acht, neun, zehn] And the number 0 is [null]. In German, the numbers 11 and 12 sound very similar to English and the numbers 13 to 19 are formed on the basis of the numbers that you’ve already learned. Let’s jump right in. 11 [elf] 11, now 12 [zwölf] meaning 12, 13 [dreizehn] 13, 14 [vierzehn] 14, now 15 [fünfzehn] 16 [sechzehn] 17 [siebzehn] meaning 17, 18 [achtzehn] 18, 19 [neunzehn] 19 and 20 [zwanzig] numbers from 21 to 99 are formed by combining numbers that we’ve already covered. Let’s cover the decades first. 30 [dreißig], 40 [vierzig], 50 [fünfzig], 60 [sechzig], 70 [siebzig], 80 [achtzig], 90 [neunzig]. Finally we have the number for 100 [hundert] or [einhundert] 100 or [hundert] meaning 100 [hundert, einhundert] From here on, everything is simple. So you want to say the number 34 in German, now how to go about it? You start with the last number 3 and add [und], the German word for and. Then simply add the corresponding decade. Therefore 34 becomes [vierunddreißig] literally 4 and 30. This is how English used to say numbers 2. For 27, take [sieben] so number 7 and [zwanzig] 20 [siebenundzwanzig] 7 and 20, 27. Easy, isn’t it? Turnaround, you can create every number you want now. 35 is right [fünfunddreißig] 5 and 30, 78, yes [achtundsiebzig] 8 and 70 [achtundsiebzig]. There is like always in German just one minor detail to keep in mind but it makes all the difference between being understandable and sounding natural. How would you say 21? [einsundzwanzig] You are close, really close but not quite right. In German, we say [einundzwanzig]. Did you notice the difference? We don’t say [ein und] for ends [0:05:39] on decade but [einundzwanzig] and the corresponding decade. You might wonder where the S got missing. One of my tutors once explained it brilliantly. Not only does this word flow better when being spoken that way, it is also shortening. It’s economic. You can also just leave it out and people will still understand you. It’s a pretty good explanation anyway and we should get some culture in this lesson too. Colloquial speaking, we have something called [Neunundneunzig- Cent-Läden] in almost every bigger German town. Can you guess what they are? [Neunundneunzig-Cent-Läden] Of course you caught the word sent. So it’s likely about money and probably about small amounts of money too. [Laden] is a store [Läden] is the plural. So we have stores with little money? No because in this lesson, you know that [neunundneunzig] is the word for 99, 9 and 90 really easy, isn’t it? You will often recognize these stores because they have a sign of a single Euro in their window or maybe a sign saying $0.99. Mainly these stores don’t look all that inviting but I recommend you go into one anyway. You will find a whole lot of different articles in small baskets, many of them really cheap. If you need some swing things to repair your socks, crayons for the little ones or some candles or some wine for your newfound friends, you are going to find it there.
M: Okay to close our today’s lesson, we’d like you to practice what you’ve just learned. I provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out aloud. You have a few seconds before I give you the answer. So [Viel Glück] which means good luck in German.
F: 11 [elf] 12 [zwölf] 13 [dreizehn] 14 [vierzehn] 15 [fünfzehn] 16 [sechzehn] 17 [siebzehn] 18 [achtzehn] 19 [neunzehn] 20 [zwanzig] 30 [dreißg] 40 [vierzig] 50 [fünfzig] 60 [sechzig] 70 [siebzig] 80 [achtzig] 90 [neunzig]
M: That’s going to do it for today.