Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Hallo, ich bin Laura. Hi everybody! I’m Laura.
Welcome to GermanPod101.com’s “Deutsch in 3 Minuten”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn German.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use German adjectives easily.
In this lesson we will start a series of lessons dedicated to the most common German verbs, the ones you will certainly hear all the time!
The first verb in our series will be gehen, which means "to go". Of course we will use this word along with many different destinations.
You will see that in German you have to use appropriate linking words to connect gehen to your destination.
So imagine someone asks you Wohin gehst du in den Ferien? That means "Where are you going for your holidays?" in an informal form.
So if you are going to a ski resort for example you will say in German Ich gehe in die Berge.
[slowly] Ich gehe in die Berge.
So let’s break down this answer:
First we had:
Ich gehe which is "I am going ..."
It is the 1st person form of the verb gehen, "to go" in present indicative tense.
After it was in which is the connection between the verb and your destination, so it’s like "to" in English.
Finally we had die Berge which is a noun that means "the mountains".
So now, let’s have an explanation of these connecting words between Ich gehe "I go" and your destination.
If your destination is singular feminine, as is the case with die Natur, " the nature", you have to use in die after Ich gehe.
All together it is Ich gehe in die Natur, literally "I’m going to the nature."
But, if you are going to a singular masculine destination, this time you will have to say Ich gehe + in den, as in Ich gehe in den Süden that means "I am going to the south".
And then you can also go to a neutral destination of course. Let’s go to "the museum", das Museum and we say Ich gehe in das Museum. "I am going to the museum". You can even shorten the sentence and say ins instead of in das and say Ich gehe ins Museum.
And if you are going to a plural destination, whether feminine, masculine or neutral you will also use ich gehe + the feminine form as in our first example Ich gehe in die Berge. "I am going to the mountains."
Now it’s time for Laura’s insights.
In most cases it’s much easier to tell your friends if you are going to an actual city or country. Just say Ich gehe as You know already, + nach, which also means to and finally You add the name like Berlin or Deutschland "Germany".
Ich gehe nach Japan. "I am going to Japan". Ich gehe nach London. "I am going to London" and so on.
Here you don’t have to worry about feminine, masculine or neutral.
So, in this lesson, we learned how to use the verb gehen and to use correct linking words with it to talk about your destination.
Next time we’ll learn another very useful verb, machen.
Do you know what this German verb means? I’ll be waiting for you in the next Deutsch in 3 Minuten. Bis bald!