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Lesson Transcript

Hallo, ich heiße Laura. Hi everybody! I’m Laura.
Welcome to GermanPod101.com’s “Deutsch in 3 Minuten”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn German.
In our previous lessons, we learned how to use the verbs sein and haben. In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to turn these two verbs into their negative forms in order to say "I'm not" and "I don't have."
So let's take an example. Imagine you are about to go to a party with a German friend. You ask him if he is ready, and he answers Nein, ich bin nicht fertig.
Then, you ask him if he has a car to use to go to the party and he says Nein, ich habe kein Auto.
Let’s look at these two negative sentences:
Nein, ich bin nicht fertig.
Nein, ich habe kein Auto.
[slowly] Nein, ich bin nicht fertig./Nein, ich habe kein Auto.
In each sentence, you have Nein and the little word, nicht or kein. These are the special words used to make a verb negative in German.
You have to use the word nein, German for “no” just if you want to emphasize the negation.
So let's have a look on the way to switch from affirmative to negative.
First with the verb sein.If your friend *were* ready, he would say Ich bin fertig, “I am ready.” But he actually said Ich bin nicht fertig.
So basically, you just have to put the word nicht after the verb.
Now let's look at an example with the verb haben, "to have":
Remember, You use haben, if You are possessing something, or not.
"I have a car" is Ich habe ein Auto, and "I don't have a car" is Ich habe kein Auto.
If you’re talking about a single object, like Auto, just add k before the indefinite article ein/ eine/ einen and you’ll get the negative version kein/kein/keinen and so on.
Finally add the noun like Auto, “car”, Haus, ”house”, Wasser, “water”and so on.
Here is another example: Ich bin hungrig. means : I am hungry. In the negative version it would be: Ich bin nicht hungrig, I am not hungry.
You can also use the verb haben and the noun Hunger by saying: Ich habe Hunger, which literally means I have hunger or in correct English: I am hungry.
And the negative way is then : Ich habe keinen Hunger.
Easy, don't you think? So now you can turn many sentences into negative form just by adding these little words NICHT or KEINE for instance.
Now it’s time for Laura’s tips.
If you want to answer negatively but without being too direct, you can add the word sehr after the nicht. It literally means “very” but we use it also like "really"
So if you want to say "I'm not really hungry." it will be Ich bin nicht sehr hungrig.
Get ready for the next lesson because we are going to study a really important part of the German language: using adjectives.
I'll be waiting for you in the next Deutsch in 3 Minuten lesson.
Bis bald!

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GermanPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 8:04 am
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Hi Megan,


I can see how this can be confusing.😞 In English you only

have the one word - "really", but with two meanings:

a) very as in "very hungry" and b) not very as in "not very hungry".

In German the difference is that adding "sehr" to the negative sentence

it takes on the meaning of "not very" - "nicht sehr".

The "schon" in the sample sentence is a way to emphasize that you have

been hungry for a while, it doesn't change that "richtig hungrig" here means

"very hungry".


Thank you.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


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Megan Sorel
Sunday at 10:45 am
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Hallo, Ich habe eine Frage.


Why in the video is "Ich bin nicht sehr hungrig" but in the example it is "Ich bin schon richtig hungrig" and they both mean almost the same thing, where sehr and schon are used to mean really?

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GermanPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:54 am
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Hello Ferhat,


Thank you for your question!👍

I think everyone would understand what you are saying, but

the way it is used in the lesson - Ich mag dieses Auto nicht sehr. -

is correct.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


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Ferhat
Thursday at 5:35 pm
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Guten tag Laura,


I'd like to ask you if this sentence is correct or no : "Ich mag nicht sehr dieses Auto."


Danke sehr.

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GermanPod101.com
Friday at 4:37 am
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Hello Carly,


Thank you for commenting.

In the final position (end of a sillable or end of a word) -ig is pronounced as -ich, not as -ish.

Yet, in some German dialects people tend to pronounce -ch sounds like -sh sounds.


Sincerely,

Anne

Team GermanPod101.com

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Carly
Wednesday at 2:11 am
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does -ig sound like the german -ch at the front of the mouth or -sh sound? I haven't been able to decipher from recordings.

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GermanPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:51 am
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Hello Daniela,


Thanks for posting! :smile:

In German we don't use "kein/keinen" with "sein". So it should be used in combination with "hat/haben". For example "Ich habe kein Auto" (I don't have a car) or "Ich habe keinen Hunger" (I am not hungry).

I hope this helps. Please don’t hesitate to ask us if you have any questions.


Thank you,


Albert

Team GermanPod101.com

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Daniela
Friday at 1:36 am
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I have a question. Do you use "kein" only with haben or you can use as well with sein?

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Eddie
Thursday at 9:30 am
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Hallo,ich heise Eddie.I am 10 years old and learning German thank you.But its still very hard to pronounce,and my german is choppy any advice to help me.

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Tuan
Friday at 9:49 am
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I have a hard time to understand how to pronounce ein/eine/einen can you pls help?