Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Chuck: Chuck here. Beginner series, Season 2, Lesson #26. Don't Be Afraid…After All, What Are the Odds of This Happening to You in Germany? Hello and welcome to the Beginner series, Season 2 at germanpod101.com where we study modern German in a fun and educational format.
Judith: So brush up on the German that you started learning long ago or start learning today.
Chuck: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Judith, what are we looking at in this lesson?
Judith: In this lesson, you will learn how to express fear in German.
Chuck: This conversation takes place in the German soccer stadium during a match.
Judith: The conversation is between two soccer fans.
Chuck: The speakers are strangers. Therefore they will be speaking formal German. Attention listeners, comment!
Judith: Comment.
Chuck: And comment some more.
Judith: It’s easy.
Chuck: And asking questions really helps improve progress. So let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
J: Mist! Jetzt fängt es an zu regnen!
C: War das gerade ein Blitz?
J: Ich glaube ja.... Und da ist der Donner. Es gibt ein Gewitter.
C: Scheiße! Genau während des Spiels!
J: Ich glaube, ich gehe lieber.
C: Sie haben Angst davor, nass zu werden?
J: Nein, aber wenn das Gewitter hier ist, und die ganzen Menschen…
Judith: Now it’s slowly.
J: Mist! Jetzt fängt es an zu regnen!
C: War das gerade ein Blitz?
J: Ich glaube ja.... Und da ist der Donner. Es gibt ein Gewitter.
C: Scheiße! Genau während des Spiels!
J: Ich glaube, ich gehe lieber.
C: Sie haben Angst davor, nass zu werden?
J: Nein, aber wenn das Gewitter hier ist, und die ganzen Menschen…
Judith: Now with the translation.
J: Mist! Jetzt fängt es an zu regnen!
J: Drats! Now it's starting to rain!
C: War das gerade ein Blitz?
C: Was that lightning just now?
J: Ich glaube ja.... Und da ist der Donner. Es gibt ein Gewitter.
J: I believe so... And there's the thunder. We're having a thunderstorm.
C: Scheiße! Genau während des Spiels!
C: Shit! Exactly during the match!
J: Ich glaube, ich gehe lieber.
J: I believe I would rather go.
C: Sie haben Angst davor, nass zu werden?
C: You are afraid of getting wet?
J: Nein, aber wenn das Gewitter hier ist, und die ganzen Menschen…
J: No, but if the thunderstorm is here, and all those people...
CULTURAL SECTION
Chuck: Oh no! It’s an emergency. It’s a cultural point.
Judith: Yeah let’s talk about what to do in case of emergency because it can always happen and then you want to know what to do in Germany.
Chuck: So I guess you’d call 911 right?
Judith: No not 911, in Germany, the number is 112.
Chuck: Is that just Germany?
Judith: No it’s actually most of Europe and of course also in Austria and Switzerland. If you dial 112 without any area code, you get the local emergency response that is the firefighters, the ambulance and generally somebody you can coordinate stuff.
Chuck: Are there any other important numbers?
Judith: Yeah in Germany, there is also a special number for the police that is 110. In Austria and Switzerland, this number does not exist. It’s still all 112.
Chuck: So I guess if you are just going to remember one of them, 112 is the most important one.
Judith: Yeah and in case of a medical emergency, you want to ask for [Notarzt]
Chuck: Emergency doctor.
Judith: That is [Not] for emergency and [Arzt] for doctor. You could also request a [Krankenwagen]
Chuck: Ambulance.
Judith: Literally [a vehicle] for ill people.
Chuck: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Judith: First word [Mist]
Chuck: Literally [Manure] but it’s often used instead of something like drat’s.
Judith: [Mist, Mist] This word is masculine. Next word [Regnen]
Chuck: To rain.
Judith: [Regnen, regnen] Next word [Blitz]
Chuck: Lightning or flash.
Judith: [Blitz, Blitz, der Blitz] And the plural is [Blitze] Next word [Donner]
Chuck: Thunder.
Judith: [Donner, Donner, der Donner] Masculine. Next word [Gewitter]
Chuck: Thunderstorm.
Judith: [Gewitter, Gewitter] This word is neuter and the plural is the same. Next word [Genau]
Chuck: Exactly.
Judith: [Genau, genau] Next word [Während]
Chuck: During or a while.
Judith: [Während, während] Next word [Lieber]
Chuck: Brother or dearer.
Judith: [Lieber, lieber] Next word [Angst]
Chuck: Fear, anxiety or angst.
Judith: [Angst, die Angst] This is feminine and the plural is [Ängste] Next word [Davor]
Chuck: In front of that, before that or of that.
Judith: [Davor, davor] Next word [Nass]
Chuck: Wet.
Judith: [Nass, nass] Next word [Werden]
Chuck: To become
Judith: [Werden, werden] This verb uses the same forms as the auxiliary that you use for the future tense. So [Ich werde, du wirst, er wird] and so on. Next word [Mensch]
Chuck: Human.
Judith: [Mensch, Mensch] This word is masculine [Der Mensch] and the plural is [Menschen]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Chuck: Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Judith: The first word is [Werden]
Chuck: Become.
Judith: Yes [Werden] means to become and [Nass werden] is to get wet. And the second phrase we look at is [Angst haben.]
Chuck: To be afraid.
Judith: Angst is fear or anxiety. So we have fear or anxiety, is to be afraid and this is used with the preposition Vor like [Angst haben vor etwas] or if you want to use it with a verb or a subclause, then you need to use [Davor, Angst haben davor zu schwimmen] for example.
LESSON FOCUS
Chuck: The grammar focus of this lesson is the genitive.
Judith: The genitive is usually used to show possession. For example, the man’s name is [Der Name des Mannes] in German. Note that the genitive noun which in English comes first, comes afterwards in German.
Chuck: The article [Des] is the most recognizable shape of the genitive because it isn’t used for anything else. [Des] is used for masculine and neuter, singular nouns. You might also know this from [Spiel des Jahres] Game of the Year.
Judith: If you’re a gamer you might know it.
Chuck: For feminine singular and for all plural nouns, the article is Der. This means the genitive would actually be really easy to learn if it wasn’t for some nouns also randomly adding an ending for their case.
Judith: Also be aware that the genitive is slowly going out of use. People are more and more likely to say [Der Name von dem Mann] instead of [Der Name des Mannes]. Also the prepositions that traditionally take the genitive such as [Während]
Chuck: During
Judith: And [Wegen]
Chuck: Because of
Judith: Increasingly use dative now. The genitive is slowly being replaced by the dative everywhere except in set phrases.
Chuck: This is especially true for the spoken language. However you can still find it quite often in written German though it depends on who is writing.
Judith: By the way, there is a really funny German saying about this matter. [Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod.]
Chuck: Literally The Dative is to the Genitive its Death. Using dative in a truly horrible fashion to replace the genitive in this very phrase.
Judith: This is also the name of a series of interesting and funny works on the German language.
OUTRO
Chuck: Well that just about does it for today.
Judith: Ready to test what you just learned?
Chuck: We hope so. So make this lesson’s vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flashcards in the learning center.
Judith: There is a reason everyone uses flashcards.
Chuck: They work.
Judith: They really do help memorization.
Chuck: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at
Judith: Germanpod101.com
Chuck: All right. See you next week.
Judith: [Bis nächste Woche.]

16 Comments

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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 5:25 am
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Hallo Martha,


vielen Dank für deinen Kommentar. Das stimmt. Es ist interessant zu sehen, wie sich Sprachen im Laufe der Zeit entwickeln.


Viele Grüße


Anne

Team GermanPod101.com

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Martha
Thursday at 6:01 pm
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„Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod“

Das ist interessant. In Englisch ist der Genetiv die einzige Deklination, die noch nicht nur mit die Pronomen benutzt wird. Und ich glaube, dass die Endung -s des Englisches Genetives die gleiche germanische Wurzeln wie in Deutsch hat. Es ist immer interessant, wie verschiedene Sprachen mit der Zeit ändern.

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GermanPod101.com
Thursday at 4:55 am
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Hallo Dr. Richard Tye,


Thank you for your positive feedback!


Please check out the “Take quiz” on the Vocabulary tab. There are review and writing questions so you can check out your progress on each lesson.


If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us!


Sincerely

Cristiane

Team GermanPod101.com

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Dr. Richard Tye
Wednesday at 5:57 pm
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The lessons are excellent but it would be most helpful if there were exercises associated with each lesson or at least with a block of lessons.

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Germanpod101.com
Friday at 6:18 pm
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Hallo Leute,


Danke für deine Mitteilung!

"Die Lektion war super! ! Aber ich verstehe nur ein bisschen über das Genitiv. Könnten Sie mir bitte Beispiele geben?"


Beispiele für Genitiv sind:


Am Bahnhof informiert sich die Familie über die Abfahrt der Züge.

(Kontrollfrage: Wessen Abfahrt? – die Abfahrt der Züge)


In diesem Jahr besuchen sie Freunde des Vaters.

(Kontrollfrage: Wessen Freunde? – die Freunde des Vaters).


Durch die Kontrollfrage mit "wessen" (whose) lässt sich die richtige Benutzung des Genitivs prüfen.

Die Freunde DER FAMILIE, die Hunde DER BESITZERIN, die Häuser DES VERMIETERS, etc..


Please let me know if you have further questions.


Thanks.


Best,


Jennifer


Team Germanpod101.com






Ich teile dieselbe Angst wie Julian (I share the same like Julian).

Wenn ich mit meinem deutschen Mann auf Deutsch spreche, ich empfinde viel Stress dabei.

Deshalb lerne ich jeden Tag Deutsch und höre Germanpod!

Ich hoffe, ich werde bald besser Deutsch sprechen können!

Kann ich Sie etwas fragen? Was bedeutet “sister in law ” auf Deutsch?

Einen schönen Tag noch!


"Sister in law" heißt Schwägerin!

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Noor
Monday at 2:40 pm
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Hallo Leute,

Die Lektion war Super! ! Aber ich verstehe ein bisschen über Genitive. könnten Sie bitte etwas Sätze uns geben?

Ich habe gleich Angst als Julian :disappointed:

Wann ich mit einem Deutschen Mann spreche , fühle ich viel Stress.

Deshalb lerne ich jeden Tag Deutsch und höre zu Germanpod :smile:

Ich hoffe das geht Nachher besser:smile:

Kann ich Ihnen fragen? Was bedeutet "sister in law " auf Deutsch?

Einen schönen Tag noch ☆

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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 9:56 am
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Hallo Julian,


Thank you very much for your comment.


That's a great sentence. "Ich hab Angst davor, dass, wenn ich mit einem deutschen Menschen spreche und er kennt keine Anfänger in der deutschen Sprache, wie mich, der Mensch zu schnell für mich spricht." But don't worry, Germans are usually always happy to hear someone trying to speak German and I am sure they will slow down when you say "Könnten Sie/ Könntest du etwas langsamer sprechen bitte?"


1. Wieso and warum are usually interchangeable. They both mean "why". You can either ask "wieso sprichst du so schnell?" (why are you talking so fast?) or "warum sprichst du so schnell?" for example.


2. "Wann" is used when you ask a time-related question, for example "Wann gehen wir ins Kino?" (when are we going to the cinema?) "Wenn" is used in a sentence, not a question. So just like you used it below, it is used when it refers to a time-related event, so for example "Wenn ich ins Kino gehe, esse ich Popcorn" (When I go to the cinema, I eat popcorn). It is not a question word.


3. Ich habe Angst vor Spinnen. (I am scared/afraid of spiders.) or "Ich habe Angst davor, dass ich eine Spinne sehe." (I am scared of seeing a spider.) "Ich habe Angst vor Hunden." (I am scared of dogs.) or "Ich habe Angst davor, dass ein Hund mich beißt." (I am scared of a dog biting me.) In the first examples "Angst haben vor" you just state whatever it is that you are scared of, in "Angst haben davor, dass" the "dass..." opens a new sub-sentence in which you elaborate on what you are scared of happening.


I hope this helps!


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Thank you!


Clara

Team GermanPod101.com

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Julian
Tuesday at 5:05 pm
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Hallo GermanPod101.com,


Ich hab` Angst davor, wenn ich mit einem deutsch Mensch spreche und er kennt nicht wie ich Anfänger in Deutsche Sprache bin und der Mensch spricht zu schnell für mich. :grin:

Ich habe einige Frage :


1. Wenn man genau die frage Wörter benutzt : wieso und warum ????

2. Wenn man genau `wann und wenn` benutzt ?


Und können Sie mehrere Beispiele mit `Angst haben vor` und `Angst haben davor (with subclauses) geben ?


Vielen Dank !


Mit freundlichen Grüßen,

Julian Zaharescu

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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 3:53 pm
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Hi Mohamad,


That's very kind of you - thanks!


Regards,

Katrin

Team GermanPod101.com

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mohamad
Friday at 1:28 pm
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I just wanted to thank you for this amazing effort