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Lesson Transcript

Chuck: This is Advanced Focus Lesson 9.
Judith: Willkommen!
Chuck: Welcome to another Advanced Focus Lesson. This series is all about understanding German verb prefixes, such as [ab, an, ver, zer, auf and others].
Judith: Learn these prefixes, German vocabulary will start to make a lot more sense to you.
Chuck: So, which prefixes we’re looking at today?
Judith: Today we shall look the German prefix [ent-].
Chuck: Sounds good. But, before we start let me just remind you that you can also review this lesson as a PDF at GermanPod101.com.
Judith: In the PDF for each Advanced Focus Lesson, you can find a lot more words using the prefixes we introduced.
Chuck: Not just the words we mentioned in this podcast but also others used in the same prefix.
Judith: It’s an easy way to improve your German vocabulary. I do hope you’ll use this tool.
Chuck: Now, let’s talk about the prefix [ent-].
Judith: [Die Vorsilbe “ent-” spaltet sich nicht ab. Zum Beispiel sagen wir: “Kolumbus hat die neue Welt entdeckt”].
Chuck: “Columbus discovered the new world.” So, this is a non-separable prefix. The word isn’t split in two under any circumstances.
Judith: [Die Bedeutung von “ent-” ist oft, dass etwas wegfällt].
Chuck: “Something dropping out”. Falling away, even being removed or disappearing on its own.
Judith: [Bei dem Wort “entdecken”, ist es die Decke, die wegfällt].
Chuck: The word [entdecken], “to discover”, contains the word [Decke], “blanket”. So, you get the imagine of a blanket being removed from something. Isn’t [decken], “ to cover” as well?
Judith: Yes.
Chuck: Okay. [Kannst du uns andere Beispiele geben]?
Judith: [Ja, zum Beispiel “entfernen”].
Chuck: “To remove”, based on the notion of [fern], “far away”.
Judith: [Oder entkommen].
Chuck: “To get away, escape”.
Judith: [Oder “entlassen”].
Chuck: “To lay off”, literally let someone fall away.
Judith: [Wörter, die auf Deutsch mit “Ent” anfangen, werden auf Englisch oft mit:] “away”, “of”, “out”, “be”, “this” [übersetzt].
Chuck: [Ent] with this prefix is often translated with “away”, “of”, “out”, “be” or “this” in English.
Judith: [entscheiden].
Chuck: “To decide”.
Judith: [entnehmen].
Chuck: “To take something out of a container”.
Judith: [entsenden].
Chuck: “To dedicate” or “send out”.
Judith: [entkleiden].
Chuck: “To dissolve” or “undress”.
Judith: It’s easy to understand prefixes when thinking about its meaning, rather than the structure of the English word.
Chuck: Thank you for the overview of prefix [ent-].
Judith: Thank you for helping me explaining it, Chuck.
Chuck: And thanks for our listeners for listening to our podcast and making it so popular.
Judith: If you’re listening to this on iTunes, do go to GermanPod101.com and check out our other podcasts and materials as well.
Chuck: GermanPod101 is a comprehensive site with lessons on everything.
Judith: So, hope to see you there.
Chuck: See you there.
Judith: [Bis nächstes Mal]!