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Lesson Transcript

CHUCK: This is Advanced Focus Lesson 7.
JUDITH: Willkommen!
CHUCK: This is already the seventh one of these special lessons and again, we will help you understanding German prefixes.
JUDITH: This will allow you to quickly expand your vocabulary and also improve the confidence with which you use these words. But, didn’t we forget something?
CHUCK: Forget what?
JUDITH: [Wir sollten Deutsch sprechen]!
CHUCK: Das stimmt! If you find it hard to follow when we speak German, go back to www.GermanPod101.com, study more lessons and work with the review tracks.
JUDITH: The review tracks really force you activate your German.
CHUCK: [Also weiter auf Deutsch]!
JUDITH: [Heute gucken wir uns die Vorsilbe “um” an].
CHUCK: Alright, let’s talk about the prefix [um].
JUDITH: [Eigentlich sind das zwei verschiedene Vorsilben].
CHUCK: [Zwei]?
JUDITH: [Ja, es gibt eine Vorsilbe “um”, die sich nicht abspaltet und eine, die sich abspaltet].
CHUCK: [Das hatten wir noch nie]! The same prefix can either be split off or not. [Und die Bedeutung]? What about the meaning?
JUDITH: [Wenn “um” sich abspaltet, bedeutet es etwas umzustoßen].
CHUCK: The [um] that splits off is associated with the idea of knocking over something.
JUDITH: [Wenn “um” sich nicht abspaltet, bedeutet es eine Bewegung um etwas herum].
CHUCK: The non-separable [um] prefix is associated with the movement around something. But, can this cause confusion?
JUDITH: [Nur wenn man schreibt]. When you talk, the stress is different and that allows you to see the difference.
CHUCK: Okay, [Dafür brauchen wir ein Beispiel]!
JUDITH: Okay. [Du musst die Statue umfahren].
CHUCK: “You have to drive around the statue.”
JUDITH: [Du musst die Statue umfahren].
CHUCK: “You have to run over the statue.” Wow, that’s a huge difference! And, wait, if you write this out exactly the same?
JUDITH: Yes, most of the time is not as ambiguous because the prefix will act differently. For example, when you have to say [Du fährst um die Statue herum].
CHUCK: “You drive around the statue.”
JUDITH: But, [Du fährst die Statue um].
CHUCK: “You run over the statue.”
JUDITH: So, the [um] changes position.
CHUCK: It’s still difficult for non-native speakers to spot.
JUDITH: [Deshalb gibt es diese Lektion].
CHUCK: [Kannst du uns andere Verben mit “um” nennen]?
JUDITH: [Ja, zum Beispiel “umbauen”].
CHUCK: “To remodel”.
JUDITH: [umziehen].
CHUCK: “To move to a different home”.
JUDITH: [Und “umdenken”].
CHUCK: “To rethink”. I know there’s that [um] was stressed for all of these. That means the underline thought is that of toppling something, right?
CHUCK: Now, how about some examples with the other kind of [um]? The one that means “around something”?
JUDITH: [Zum Beispiel “umarmen].
CHUCK: “To hug”.
JUDITH: [Oder “umfliegen”].
CHUCK: “To fly around something”.
JUDITH: [Oder “umgeben”].
CHUCK: “To surround”.
JUDITH: The other kind, the one that means “to topple” is actually more common.
CHUCK: Wow, this is a very informative lesson. I learned something new.
JUDITH: I’m glad. This chapter of German grammar is not very easy, but it’s incredibly useful if you want to enlarge your vocabulary and use the words correctly.
CHUCK: That’s why we have an entire series dedicated to German prefixes. Do listen to the other lessons if you haven’t done so already.
JUDITH: And check out the learning center, where you can practice what you’ve learned today.
CHUCK: GermanPod101.com for all your German learning needs.
JUDITH: See you there.
CHUCK: Hope you’ll tune in next time!
JUDITH: [Bis nächstes Mal]!