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Lesson Transcript

Chuck: This is Advanced Focus Lesson 10.
Judith: Willkommen!
Chuck: Welcome to another Advanced Focus Lesson. Here we improve our understanding of German vocabulary by analyzing verb prefixes.
Judith: When you understand how a German word came to be, you’ll find it a lot easier to remember this word and to use it correctly.
Chuck: So, which prefix are we looking at today?
Judith: Today we shall look at several related prefixes actually. [ein, hinein] and [herein].
Chuck: Three prefixes in one lesson. Wow, that’s a good value. But before we dive into the lesson, I want to remind our listeners about the free vocabulary trainer in our learning center.
Judith: Yes, you can practice your vocabulary right there! In the learning center of GermanPod101.com, we even added the words from this lesson already, so you don’t need to add them yourself.
Chuck: For this lesson, you can find not just the word we mention here but also some other useful words that use today’s prefixes.
Judith: I hope you will use this tool to improve your German by leaps and bounds. But, let’s speak German now.
Chuck: Okay.
Judith: [Alle Vorsilben, die wir besprechen, spalten sich ab].
Chuck: All prefixes we’ll discuss today are split off.
Judith: [Fangen wir an mit “ein”].
Chuck: [ein] has the meaning of “inside” and it’s often translated as “in”.
Judith: [Zum Beispiel “einbrechen”].
Chuck: “To break in”.
Judith: [eindringen].
Chuck: “To intrude”.
Judith: [Oder “einfügen”].
Chuck: “To paste in”. Are there other examples that English does not use in?
Judith: [Natürlich, zum Beispiel sich “einschreiben”].
Chuck: “To write in”, but you said only without “in”.
Judith: It means “to register at the university”. Or there’s also [einfallen].
Chuck: “Fall in”?
Judith: “To have an idea” or [einsehen].
Chuck: “To see in”.
Judith: “To see in and finally accept something”.
Chuck: [Ah, jetzt einsehen].
Judith: [Jetzt sehe ich es ein], but don’t forget that they split.
Chuck: Of course. [Jetzt sehe ich es ein]. Okay, so moving to the other prefixes, what’s the deal with [hinein] and [herein]?
Judith: [her] is always a movement towards the speaker, where else [hin] is a movement away from the speaker. These are also prefixes in their own right. For example, both [hinsehen] and [hersehen] is “to look at something”, but in the case of [hinsehen], the direction of looking is away from the speaker. In the case of [hersehen], it’s in the direction of the speaker.
Chuck: So, [Sieh hin] is “look there”, where else [Sieh her] is “look here”.
Judith: That makes it more clear, [danke].
Chuck: And what about [hinein] versus [herein]?
Judith: Both of them have the meaning of “into”, so unlike [ein], it’s a direction. [Herein] is used when the speaker is inside and [hinein] is used when the speaker is outside. It’s the same idea of moving towards the speaker or away from him.
Chuck: So, let me get this right. To see in can be either [hineinsehen] or [hereinsehen], it’s the same thing?
Judith: Yes, but you have to remember that the two are not interchangeable. If you’re inside, you have to say [Er sieht herein] and if you’re outside, you have to say [Er sieht hinein].
Chuck: Let me summarize. [Ein] for something that’s unmoving inside, [herein for moving into a place and towards the speaker, [hinein] for moving into a place away from the speaker.
Judith: Yeah, you got it.
Chuck: Well, it’s logical I guess. But that does take some time getting used to. Especially to use when speaking.
Judith: Start practicing now!
Chuck: [Herein, Herein]! Oh, not right now?
Judith: The sooner you start, the sooner you will master this unique feature of German.
Chuck: And the best place to practice German is still GermanPod101’s learning center. I think you should’ve known this earlier, but let’s say it again that it has all kinds of exercises there.
Judith: So, see you there!
Chuck: Until the next time!
Judith: [Bis nächstes Mal]!