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Lesson Transcript

Chuck:This is Advanced Focus Lesson 8.
Judith: Willkommen!
Chuck:Welcome to another Advanced Focus Lesson. Here we improve your understanding of German vocabulary, by analyzing verb prefixes.
Judith: When you understand how a German word came to be, you’ll find it a lot easier to remember this word and to use it correctly.
Chuck:So, which prefix are we looking at today?
Judith: Today we shall look at the German prefix [be-].
Chuck:Great, but before we dive into this lesson, I want to remind our listeners about the free vocabulary trainer in the learning center.
Judith: Yes, you can practice your vocabulary right there in the learning center of GermanPod101.com. We’ve even added the words from this lesson already, so you don’t need to enter them yourself.
Chuck:For this lesson, you can find not just the words from we mentioned here, but also some other useful words that use the prefix [be-].
Judith: I hope you’ll use this tool to improve your German by leaps and bounds, but let’s speak German now.
Judith: [Die Vorsilbe “be-” spaltet sich nicht ab].
Chuck:This prefix is not split off.
Judith: [Außerdem hat sie keine greifbare Bedeutung].
Chuck:No meaning that you can grasp?
Judith: [Es ist mehr grammatikalisch. Wenn man “be-” vor einem Verb setzt, nimmt es immer ein Akkusativobjekt, egal was vorher war].
Chuck:So, this is a grammatical prefix indicating the verb can take an accusative object. [Judith, was sind Beispiele für diese Vorsilbe]?
Judith: [befolgen].
Chuck:“To follow a command”.
Judith: [folgen] alone is “to follow” in a natural sense, so you can also [Ich folge deinem Rat].
Chuck:“I followed your advice”. In this case, [deinem Rat] is dative.
Judith: But, if you use [befolgen] it becomes accusative. [Ich befolge deinen Rat].
Chuck:The most common verb with [be-] is probably [bekommen], a trouble maker, cause it has nothing to do with the English word “become”.
Judith: [bekommen] means “to get”.
Chuck:And also, how do you get from the meaning of [kommen] to [bekommen] but in English is hardly more logical.
Judith: Sometimes English uses the prefix [be-] where Germans use it too. For example, in [befreunden].
Chuck:“To befriend”. Are there any other really common verbs with the prefix [be-]?
Judith: There’s [bemerken], “to remark”, based on [merken].
Chuck:“To notice”.
Judith: And there’s [sich befinden].
Chuck:“To be located”.
Judith: Based on [finden].
Chuck:“To find”. Just go to the learning center and just look at our list of vocabulary for this lesson. There, you’ll find more verb with [be-] that you can study. Oh, and next time when you hear a German say “I want to become a beef steak.” You know what they’re talking about.
Judith: Thank you very much for listening.
Chuck:See you next time!
Judith: [Bis nächstes Mal]!