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Lesson Transcript

Chuck: This is Advanced Focus Lesson 1.
Judith: Willkommen!
Chuck: This is an alternative to the audio blogs we usually post for advanced students. The Advanced Focus Lessons are also intended for upper intermediate or advanced students. But in these, we help you understand an advanced part of German grammar or vocabulary usage.
Judith: [Der Großteil dieser Lektion wird auf Deutsch sein] Most of these lessons will be in German.
Chuck: [Also los! Was ist das Thema heute?]
Judith: [Heute gucken wir uns die Vorsilbe ab an] The prefix [ab] is our topic today. But, before we start, let me remind you that you can find a summary of everything we teach at GermanPod101.com.
Chuck: Just go to www.GermanPod101.com, log in and access the PDF for this lesson or go to learning center, you also find useful exercises.
Judith: [Also die Vorsilbe “ab”]
Chuck: [Das ist eine sich abspaltende Vorsilbe, oder]? This prefix is one of those split off, isn’t it?
Judith: Yeah. [Zum Beispiel abreisen bildet: Ich reise ab, Du reist ab u.s.w.]
Chuck: [Also was bedeutet diese Vorsilbe]
Judith: [Diese Vorsilbe hat zwei Bedeutungsfelder, das erste ist eine Bewegungsabfolge]
Chuck: This syllable has two areas of meaning. The first is a movement away from here.
Judith: [Zum Beispiel “abfliegen”]
Chuck: “To fly away”.
Judith: [Oder abreisen]
Chuck: “To travel away”. [Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “reisen” und “abreisen”]
Judith: [Vielleicht hilft ein Beispielsatz] An example sentence [“Ich reise morgen nach Istanbul” oder “Ich reise morgen ab”]
Chuck: So when you use [reisen] here, the focus is on where you’re traveling to and when you use an [abreisen] you can drop off the destination and the focus is on the fact that you’re leaving.
Judith: [Genau, ein weiteres Beispiel für “ab” im Sinne von “weg”]. Another example for [ab] implying a way motions. [abschneiden]
Chuck: “To cut off”. [schneiden] is just “to cut” but [abschneiden] is “to cut off”.
Judith: [Oder abführen]
Chuck: “To lead off” or “to lead away”. [führen] is “to lead”, [abführen] is “to lead somebody away”. As the police might do. I think you said that [ab] has a second meaning though, didn’t you? What is that?
Judith: Yeah. [“ab” kann sich auch auf eine Fläche oder Objekt beziehen] can relate to an area or an object. [Ich habe die ganze Stadt für dich abgesucht].
Chuck: “I looked for you all over the city.”
Judith: [suchen] is just “plain searching”, but the [ab] in [absuchen] implies visiting every single location.
Chuck: I guess that’s comparable to the path you’re taking while you’re on. It’s not enough to reach all corners or to reach six random spots while on. You have to make a system to make sure you [mouth] every single patch of grass.
Judith: Yeah, [genau]. That’s exactly what [ab] implies. You can also see this in [abgehen].
Chuck: “To walk and cover every single spot”. Like when you have a clear route.
Judith: Or [abmessen].
Chuck: “To measure precisely”.
Judith: [Und “abbilden” bedeutet “to copy”] would be “to map something”. The focus is on the precision here, too, covering every single aspect.
Chuck: This is the same for the noun [Abdruck], “an imprint” or “a cast of something”. For example, your teeth.
Judith: [Druck] alone is just a “print”.
Chuck: So, this was our first advanced focus. Short and intensive.
Judith: [Ich hoffe, ihr versteht diese Vorsilbe jetzt besser].
Chuck: Let us know what you think of this lesson.
Judith: Just go to GermanPod101.com and leave us a comment and while you’re there, check out the vocabulary list for this lesson. I made a list with all the words with the [ab] that came to my mind.
Chuck: Well, Judith that sounds really helpful.
Judith: [Nichts zu danken. Bis nächstes Mal]!
Chuck: See you next time!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GermanPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:16 PM
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What do you think of this new lesson format? I'd really appreciate some feedback?

GermanPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:17 AM
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Hi Miriam,

Thank you for your feedback!

That's learning a language: every day a little step further.😉

If you have any questions, please let us know.

Kind regards,


Team GermanPod101.com

Miriam Pia Okrongli
Saturday at 09:39 PM
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Manche diesem ich lernt bevor Ubersee in Deutschland (Norddeutschland) aber ebenso, Heute Morgen ich lernte Eine neue "Stueck" (ob) die Sprache bei "ab".

GermanPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 04:27 AM
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Hello Yuan,

Thank you for commenting and for your feedback.

In the vocabulary section the noun "Abdruck" has been introduced, which means for example "imprint". It shouldn't be confused with the verb "abdrucken". The verb "abdrucken" means to print something in some kind of magazine or newspaper (e.g. "Der Artikel wurde ungekürzt in der Zeitung abgedruckt.").

The verb "drucken" has a slightly different and less narrow meaning. It can simply be translated as "to print" (e.g. "Ich muss 20 Seiten drucken.").



Team GermanPod101.com

Thursday at 05:04 AM
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Ich finde ihn sehr gut und ist das, was ich brauche.

Thursday at 04:27 AM
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Ich verstehe auch nicht, was ist der Unterschied zwischen "drucken" und "abdrucken" . Könnten Sie ihn mir bitte nähe erklären?

GermanPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:25 PM
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Hi Taylor,

Thank you for your accurate feedback.

We will try to keep it in mind, when developing the next upper intermediate series.

Thank you again,


Team GermanPod101.com

Tuesday at 12:18 PM
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I agree with others in liking the change in format, but for a very different reason. I use GermanPod101 mostly at times when I can't look at the lesson notes while listening (in the car, etc.). As a result, the advanced audio blogs haven't been helpful for me, because they're too hard to take in and follow without notes. At the same time, I've already done all the intermediate and upper intermediate lessons. A lesson series where gradually more and more of the explanations and cultural notes are done in German (like this series does for understanding prefixes) would really fill the gap between the intermediate and advanced lessons. SpanishPod and FrenchPod (now at OpenLanguage), for example, do this very well for Spanish and French. That is, they come close to recreating the experience of an intermediate/upper-intermediate learner exploring a dialogue with their language exchange partner: It is relaxed, flows nicely and explanations are made through the ample use of synonyms and analogy rather than translation. Anyway, I hope this is on the horizon with GermanPod101.

GermanPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:15 PM
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Guten Tag!

Thank you all for commenting!

We are so glad to hear you liked this format!

Hope you will continue to enjoy our German lessons!

Best regards,


Team GermanPod101.com

Mike A
Wednesday at 07:47 PM
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I thought this was a nice, brief, and useful lesson. Sometimes it's nice to get a quick overview of a given word or phrase, without going through a full lesson. Don't get me wrong. I like the lessons a lot, but I find this format to be a nice change of pace.

Wednesday at 12:14 AM
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some times it is better to see where verbs with "ab" are used and then try to find the logics:-)

for example, in a restaurant:

die mitarbeiter bauen das essen ab, wenn sie keine gäste mehr haben oder wenn die öffnungszeit rum ist,

abbauen also means "to mine"

because they cut parts of a huge coal layer off after each other in certain periods.

in a fitnesscenter you want to "muskeln aufbauen" aber "fett abbauen"!

hope it helps