Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gabriella: Hi everyone! I’m Gabriella! Welcome back to GermanPod101.com. You’re listening to Absolute Beginner Season 3, Lesson 5, Talking About Where You’re From in German.
Frank: Hello everyone, I’m Frank. What are we discussing in this lesson, Gabriella?
Gabriella: In this lesson, you'll learn how to say where you're from and ask others the same question, and the conjugation of the verb “to be” sein.
Frank: This lesson’s conversation takes place at the registration desk of a German Language School.
Gabriella: The conversation is between Kate and Jens.
Frank: The speakers are friends, so they'll be using informal German.
DIALOGUE
Kate: Jens, aus welcher Stadt kommst du?
Jens: Göttingen! Und du?
Kate: Ich komme aus England!
Jens: Ehrlich?
Kate: Ja! Ehrlich. Ich bin Engländerin.
Jens: Wo genau in England?
Kate: Aus der Hauptstadt, London!
Jens: Das ist ein schöner Ort!
Gina: Let's hear the conversation one time slowly.
Kate: Jens, aus welcher Stadt kommst du?
Jens: Göttingen! Und du?
Kate: Ich komme aus England!
Jens: Ehrlich?
Kate: Ja! Ehrlich. Ich bin Engländerin.
Jens: Wo genau in England?
Kate: Aus der Hauptstadt, London!
Jens: Das ist ein schöner Ort!
Gina: Now, let's hear it with English translation.
Kate: Jens, aus welcher Stadt kommst du?
Gabriella: Jens, which town are you from?
Jens: Göttingen! Und du?
Gabriella: Göttingen! How about you?
Kate: Ich komme aus England!
Gabriella: I'm from England!
Jens: Ehrlich?
Gabriella: Really?
Kate: Ja! Ehrlich. Ich bin Engländerin.
Gabriella: Yes! Really. I'm English.
Jens: Wo genau in England?
Gabriella: Where in England exactly?
Kate: Aus der Hauptstadt, London!
Gabriella: The capital, London!
Jens: Das ist ein schöner Ort!
Gabriella: That's a beautiful place!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Frank: It sounds like Kate and Jens are getting to know each well, which is great!
Gabriella: Yes, and it’s important to talk about each other’s backgrounds, nationalities, hometowns, cultures, and opinions! Jens says that London is ein schöner Ort, "a beautiful place."
Frank: And if you ever go to Germany, listeners, you’ll see that it's a very multicultural place, particularly in big cities where you're sure to have these kinds of conversations with people from around the world visiting Germany.
Gabriella: As well as Germans themselves, of course.
Frank: Yes, that's right. We also heard the word Hauptstadt.
Gabriella: This means “capital city”. It's a compound noun, and German actually has some really long compound nouns made up of many nouns strung together.
Frank: Hey, Gabriella, do you know the longest word in the German language?
Gabriella: No! What is it?
Frank: Okay...are you ready?
Gabriella: Yep!
Frank: Rindfleischetikettierungsüberwachungsaufgabenübertragungsgesetz.
Gabriella: What?
Frank: Rindfleischetikettierungsüberwachungsaufgabenübertragungsgesetz. It means "the law concerning the delegation of duties for the supervision of cattle marking and the labelling of beef".
Gabriella: Well, listeners, you learn something new in every lesson! You’ve just heard the longest word in the German language!
Gabriella: Now, let’s move on to the vocab! Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Gabriella: The first word we shall see is...
Frank: sein [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to be
Frank: sein [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: sein [natural native speed]
Frank: woher [natural native speed]
Gabriella: from where
Frank: woher [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: woher [natural native speed]
Frank: aus [natural native speed]
Gabriella: from, out of
Frank: aus [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: aus [natural native speed]
Frank: kommen [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to come
Frank: kommen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: kommen [natural native speed]
Frank: Stadt [natural native speed]
Gabriella: town, city
Frank: Stadt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Stadt [natural native speed]
Frank: seit [natural native speed]
Gabriella: since
Frank: seit [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: seit [natural native speed]
Frank: Hauptstadt [natural native speed]
Gabriella: capital city
Frank: Hauptstadt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Hauptstadt [natural native speed]
Frank: schön [natural native speed]
Gabriella: beautiful
Frank: schön [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: schön [natural native speed]
Frank: Engländer, Engländerin [natural native speed]
Gabriella: English male, English female
Frank: Engländer, Engländerin [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Engländer, Engländerin [natural native speed]
Frank: Ort [natural native speed]
Gabriella: place, city, location
Frank: Ort [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Ort [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gabriella: Let's take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Frank: The first phrase we shall look at is Woher kommst du?
Gabriella: You'll hear this question a lot in Germany, as people will be curious about where you're from. Next is...
Frank: Ich komme aus…
Gabriella This literally means “I come out of…” and is referring to your country of origin or where you grew up.
Frank: So, Gabriella, woher kommst du?
Gabriella: Ich komme aus England. Ich bin Engländerin.
Frank: Notice how Gabriella said she's from England, therefore she's English. When she said Engländerin, she used -in as the suffix at the end because she's a woman.
Gabriella: Und du, Frank, woher kommst du?
Frank: Ich bin Deutscher.
Gabriella: This is the masculine form of “German”, as in the nationality.
Frank: Richtig! That’s right! In Ich bin Engländerin, you’re using the noun for the person, not the adjective, which would be Englisch.
Gabriella: I see. Did everyone pick up on that difference? The last words we shall discuss are…
Frank: Stadt und Hauptstadt
Gabriella: So Stadt means city whilst Hautpstadt means capital city
Frank: Richtig!
Gabriella: Now let's move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn the conjugation of sein.
Frank: In this lesson, we've seen a few forms of the verb “to be” which is irregular in German, like in most languages.
Gabriella: We’re going to give you a quick rundown of sein, which is the infinitive form and means “to be”.
Frank: Right, then we have ich bin.
Gabriella: “I am.”
Frank: du bist
Gabriella: “you are” - informal
Frank: er ist
Gabriella: “he is”
Frank: “sie ist”
Gabriella: “she is”
Frank: “es ist”
Gabriella: “it is”
Frank: wir sind
Gabriella: “we are.”
Frank: ihr seid
Gabriella: “you are”, the second person plural form.
Frank: (S/s)ie sind
Gabriella: “you are” formal or “they are”
Frank: There’s more information in the lesson notes including some information on how sein is used as an auxiliary verb to form the simple past tense.
Gabriella: Yes - it’s a bit of a preview so you can see how the verb sein can be used in many different ways.
Frank: And now that you’ve mastered the verb sein in the present tense, you can use it in many different kinds of situations.
Gabriella: That’s very true!
Frank: One situation might be when you’re registering for things like language schools in Germany…
Gabriella: Ah yes, we have some essential vocabulary for you that’s going to come in handy for any kind of registration in Germany.
Frank: This is actually a more advanced set of vocabulary, but the German government has determined that they should be taught in beginner courses anyway, because they're so important for filling in forms. The first one is Titel.
Gabriella: “title”
Frank: This title refers to doctors, professors, or people with a PhD. There’s also Anrede.
Gabriella: That'll be regular titles such as “Mr.”, “Mrs.”, “Ms.”, and so on.
Frank: Right. In German something like Herr or Frau. Then we have Name.
Gabriella: “name”
Frank: Which could also be split into Vorname...
Gabriella: “first name” or “given name”...
Frank: And Nachname...
Gabriella: “last name” or “family name”.
Frank: And then there's Geschlecht.
Gabriella: “gender”. And here you would put an M for man or a W for woman.
Frank: And the German words are männlich...
Gabriella: “male”
Frank: And weiblich
Gabriella: “female.”
Frank: Then we have Alter.
Gabriella: “age”
Frank: And then Nationalität.
Gabriella: “nationality”
Frank: That’s pretty easy to recognize! But sometimes they use the word Staatsangehörigkeit.
Gabriella: “citizenship”
Frank: Staatsangehörigkeit. It's a long word. You should look this up in a bilingual German dictionary to become familiar with the word. Then we have Stadt.
Gabriella: “city”
Frank: And Land.
Gabriella: “country”
Frank: Oh, and finally they might want to know your Beruf.
Gabriella: which means “profession”
Frank: And at the very end you should put your Unterschrift.
Gabriella: Which means “signature”
Frank: Unterschrift literally means “under writing”.
Gabriella: Okay, don’t be too overwhelmed with these words, listeners! But you should look them up in the lesson notes, so familiarize yourself with them, especially if you think that you'll need to fill out a form in German soon!!
Frank: You’ll be thankful you did!

Outro

Gabriella: Like our podcasts?
Frank: Then like our Facebook Page too!
Gabriella: Get lesson updates, our German Word of the Day and news on Facebook.
Frank: Just search for GermanPod101.com and like our fan page
Gabriella: And if you like a lesson or series on GermanPod101.com...
Frank: Let us know...
Gabriella: ...by clicking the like button next to the lesson or series!
Gabriella: Well, that’s all for now, listeners!
Frank: Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Tschüss!
Gabriella: Tschüss!

19 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GermanPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello Listeners! Can you let us know where are you from in German?

Let's practice through the comments!

GermanPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:38 AM
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Hi Sophie,


Thank you for your feedback. 👍


While you will find some people use these two sentences

interchangeably, strictly speaking there is a slight difference:

"Wir sind in dem Tempel gewesen." is used the same way as the present perfect in

English too, to say that you have been inside the temple at some stage

before now.

"Wir waren in dem Tempel." can be interpreted the same way, but it can also

be used as an additional clause in addition to something else:

"Wir waren in dem Tempel als das Erdbeben die Stadt erschütterte."

(We were in the temple when the earthquake shook the city.)

"Wir waren in dem Tempel und fanden ihn sehr langweilig."

(We were in the temple and found it rather boring.)


If you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us again. 😉


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com

Sophie
Thursday at 06:23 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello everybody,

Is it equivalent to say "Wir sind in dem Tempel gewesen." and "Wir waren in dem Tempel."?

Thank you for all your lessons and the help you can bring to me.

Sophie

GermanPod101.com Verified
Friday at 08:53 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Yağmur,


Thank you for your feedback.


Greetings to Istanbul. I love Turkey. ❤️️

Have been there on holiday many times.

Turkish people are very nice, especially to us Germans I think. 😉


If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com

Yağmur
Wednesday at 04:05 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hallo,


Ich komme aus der Türkei, genau aus İstanbul! Und Die Hauptstadt von Türkei ist Ankara! Ich liebe im Germanpod101.com Deutsch lernen. Ich lerne seit Letztem April Deutsch und es ist Spaß 🤩

GermanPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:09 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Zahra,


Thank you for your feedback.


You seem very determined. 👍

One day soon it will make "click" and a lot of things will

become clearer. Until then, enjoy the challenge! 😉


If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com

Zahra
Saturday at 01:52 AM
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Hallo Team Germanpod101.com,

Vielen danke!


Thank you for explaining with examples of several other verbs that do not keep their "En." Got it!


And yes, it is easier to pick up the German grammar at times since I have taught English for years; however, I keep comparing the two and am surprised at how different German sentence structure is. German grammar challenges me and that is what I enjoy.


Haben ein shoone Tag!





Zahra

GermanPod101.com Verified
Friday at 04:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Zahra,


Thank you for your comments. Great to hear that you

enjoy our site. Welcome to GermanPod101. 😉


Due to the fact that you have so much experience yourself,

you might find it a little easier to learn a new language.


As for the participle of German verbs, they are not all the same as you

rightly point out. The ending in "t" isn't so unusual though. Here are some more

examples:

play: spielen - gespielt

learn: lernen - gelernt


Also, sometimes they are quite different:

help: helfen - geholfen

whistle: pfeifen - gepfiffen


If you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us again.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com

Zahra
Wednesday at 02:31 AM
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guten tag, Lehrers,


Ich heisse Zahra und ich komme aus Oklahoma im n

Amerika. I submitted my question already. Thank you for this program; I'm learning slowly, but surely. I started in July 2020 and I am now starting to comprehend the grammar step by step. I am an Ex English professor and also an English as a

Second language instructor.


Not only am I learning German, but enjoying the premium very much. Thank you for your teaching strategies to explain the dialogues, the vocabulary, the grammar, and the cultural insights in depth. I have recommended your program to many of my friends. Please find my question below. Best to you all!

Zahra
Wednesday at 02:11 AM
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Hello Instructors,


In studying the past tense of verb that show motion, I noticed that the verb "Reisen" did not change to "Gereisen." It changed to "Gereist." All other regular verbs kept their infinitive "En" except the verb "Reisen."


Could you please explain why?

GermanPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:41 AM
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Hi Onkar,


Thank you so much for your encouraging words. 👍


I think the fact that you speak so many languages already, will ultimately

help you master German quicker too.


Regarding your question of practice resources: if you really don't have

anyone to talk to in person, the next best thing is to listen to the radio and watch movies, I guess.

You can find a lot of radio channels on the internet these days. Try different ones, from different

parts of Germany, to vary the accent. Movies have the additional advantage of allowing you to associate the

actions in the picture with the spoken words. 😉


If you have any additional questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us again.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com