Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Frank: Hello, everyone. I’m Frank.
Gina: And I’m Gina. Welcome back to GermanPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 3, Lesson 14; Going Out Carrying German Books. In this lesson, you’ll learn about separable verbs.
Frank: This conversation takes place at a German language school during class.
Gina: The conversation is between two classmates, Kate and Jens. They're still playing the “Two Lies and One Truth” game. Kate will start by making three statements.
Frank: Only one of them is true, and Frank has to guess which one it is. The speakers are classmates so they’ll be using informal German.
DIALOGUE
Kate: Okay… Das ist nicht einfach.. Entweder gehe ich jeden Abend aus, oder ich trinke keinen Alkohol, oder ich fahre morgen weg.
Frank: Was? Du gehst jeden Abend aus, aber du trinkst keinen Alkohol??
Kate: Nein, du verstehst das falsch. ENTWEDER ich gehe jeden Abend aus ODER ich trinke keinen Alkohol.
Frank: Ich glaube du gehst jeden Abend aus. Ist das richtig?
Kate: Ja.
Frank: Zu einfach.
Gina: Let's hear the conversation one time slowly.
Kate: Okay… Das ist nicht einfach.. Entweder gehe ich jeden Abend aus, oder ich trinke keinen Alkohol, oder ich fahre morgen weg.
Frank: Was? Du gehst jeden Abend aus, aber du trinkst keinen Alkohol??
Kate: Nein, du verstehst das falsch. ENTWEDER ich gehe jeden Abend aus ODER ich trinke keinen Alkohol.
Frank: Ich glaube du gehst jeden Abend aus. Ist das richtig?
Kate: Ja.
Frank: Zu einfach.
Gina: Now, let's hear it with English translation.
Kate: Okay… Das ist nicht einfach.. Entweder gehe ich jeden Abend aus, oder ich trinke keinen Alkohol, oder ich fahre morgen weg.
Gina: Okay…This isn’t easy. Either I’ll go out every night, or I won’t drink alcohol, or I’ll travel away somewhere tomorrow.
Frank: Was? Du gehst jeden Abend aus, aber du trinkst keinen Alkohol??
Gina: What? You go out every night, but you don’t drink alcohol?
Kate: Nein, du verstehst das falsch. ENTWEDER ich gehe jeden Abend aus ODER ich trinke keinen Alkohol.
Gina: No, you’re understanding it wrong. EITHER I go out every night OR I don’t drink alcohol.
Frank: Ich glaube du gehst jeden Abend aus. Ist das richtig?
Gina: I believe you go out every night. Is that correct?
Kate: Ja.
Gina: Yes.
Frank: Zu einfach.
Gina: Too easy.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: All right. Since we talked about hobbies in the dialogue, we want to talk about one of our favorite hobbies, reading books!
Frank: Books and bookstores to be precise. German bookstores are not as nice as American ones, because there’s usually no place to sit down and there’s usually no cafe. They’re pretty much set on just selling books.
Gina: Most German bookstores only have German books or a very small selection of English books. And one type of book that's a lot more popular here that in the USA are those that teach general knowledge or how to behave.
Frank: It might indicate that Germans are more afraid of making a fool of themselves by appearing stupid or uncultured.
Gina: Also, Germans really value their books. They show them off in their living room.
VOCAB LIST
Frank: wegfahren [natural native speed]
Gina: to go away (in a vehicle)
Frank: wegfahren [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: wegfahren [natural native speed]
Frank: morgen [natural native speed]
Gina: tomorrow
Frank: morgen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: morgen [natural native speed]
Frank: trinken [natural native speed]
Gina: to drink
Frank: trinken [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: trinken [natural native speed]
Frank: verstehen [natural native speed]
Gina : to understand
Frank: verstehen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: verstehen [natural native speed]
Frank: ausgeben [natural native speed]
Gina : to spend (money)
Frank: ausgeben [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: ausgeben [natural native speed]
Frank: ausgehen [natural native speed]
Gina: to go out
Frank : ausgehen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: ausgehen [natural native speed]
Frank: Abend [natural native speed]
Gina: evening
Frank: Abend [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Abend [natural native speed]
Frank: Buch [natural native speed]
Gina: book
Frank: Buch [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Buch [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Frank: The first word we’ll look at is morgen. There’s a difference between morgen and der Morgen. Der Morgen means “the morning” but the adverb morgen means “tomorrow”. It’s not strange that these words should be related. In English, the word “tomorrow” contains “morrow”.
Gina: “morrow”? What’s that?
Frank: It means “morning” in old or poetic English.
Gina: Oh wow!
Frank: In German, pay attention if morgen is used with an article or not. Without an article, it means “tomorrow”.
Gina: Right. And with an indefinite article it means “some random morning” or “one morning”.
Frank: Then, we have the noun Buch
Gina: meaning “book”
Frank: And the plural of Buch is Bücher, or “books” in English. It’s usual for German words to acquire an Umlaut in their plural form.
Gina: Yes, but you’ll get used to it and develop your own memorization techniques along the way! Okay, what’s next Frank?
Frank: Next up is the verb ausgeben, which is a separable verb, consisting of aus, meaning “out” and geben, meaning “to give”.
Gina: Altogether, the literal translation is “to give out”, and it’s always associated with money.
Frank: So ausgeben really means "to spend", right?
Gina: That's right. Let’s see an example.
Frank: Wieviel habe ich ausgegeben?
Gina: “How much did I spend?” Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Frank: In this lesson, you’ll learn about separable verbs.
Gina: Right. A separable verb, or a splitting verb, is one that splits in two as soon as the sentence is constructed and other elements of the sentence are introduced.
Frank: Yes, for example, ausgehen
Gina: “to go out”.
Frank: In the infinitive, it’s one word as you can also see in the phrase Ich möchte ausgehen.
Gina: “I want to go out.”
Frank: However, when it’s conjugated, the aus splits off and positions itself at the end of a sentence. For example, Wann gehst du aus?
Gina: “When are you going out?” Frank, how would you respond?
Frank: Später gehe ich aus.
Gina: “I’m going out later.” Do you hear the pattern, listeners?
Frank: The prefix aus is the direct equivalent of the English “out” in “to go out”.
Gina: Just keep in mind that the prefix is attached to the infinitive, but when you do anything else with a verb, the prefix splits off and moves to the end of the sentence.
Frank: Also, some verbs don’t have direct English equivalents, like “go out” or “drive away”, or they could mean something else. For example, ausgeben.
Gina: As you remember, it means “to spend money”. But literally, it’s to “give out”.
Frank: Yes. There is also aussprechen. Literally, to “speak out” but it actually means “to pronounce.”
Gina: It’s always the same prefixes that split off. And there's a limited number of them. Once you get the hang of it, it’s not really difficult, just a little bit annoying.
Frank: Yeah. They’re really common in German.
Gina: Also note that verbs can be vowel-changing and separable at the same time.
Frank: Right. For example, the verb wegfahren that means “to drive away”. It has the verb fahren.
Gina: It means “to drive”, and it’s a vowel-changing verb. Can you give us an example, Frank?
Frank: Sure, er fährt.
Gina: “He drives.”
Frank: And that means that wegfahren must behave in the same way. So it is er fährt weg.
Gina: “He drives away.”

Outro

Frank: And that’s all for this lesson! Don’t forget to leave us a comment, and check the lesson notes.
Gina: Until next time! Bye!
Frank: Ja, Tschüss!

9 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GermanPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello Listeners! Have you ever read a book written by a German author?

GermanPod101.com
Friday at 08:19 AM
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Hello Тарык,


Thank you for your comment.


Please allow me to make a few tiny little changes to your sentences:

Leider, noch nicht. Ich gehe jeden Nacht nach der Arbeit aus. Ich habe ein bisschen ausgegeben auf der Seite. Und bin ich sehr glücklich weil es mir gut geht bis jetzt.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


Тарык
Wednesday at 10:01 AM
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Hallo!)


Leider, noch nicht. Ich gehe jeden Nacht nach Arbeite aus. Ich habe ausgeben ein bisschen für das Seite. Und bin ich sehr glücklich, wegen geht es sehr gut bis jetzt ein

GermanPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:30 PM
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Hallo Peter,


Great to see you here and thank you very much for your kind greetings!


We hope to see you often here in 2018!


Wish you all the best!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team GermanPod101.com

Peter
Friday at 09:02 PM
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Just to say season's greetings to all at Germanpod101.com - I visit your website almost every day and always enjoy my time here. I'm really looking forward to learning a lot more German - truly awesome language, btw - in 2018.


Kind regards



Peter xx :)

Team GermanPod101.com
Thursday at 01:29 PM
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Hallo Roman,


Thank you for sharing! :smile:


Vielen Dank!


Clara

Team GermanPod101.com

Roman
Thursday at 09:18 PM
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Hermann Hesse is one, to our opinion, is worth of special attention.

GermanPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:01 PM
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Hi Pani.Myako,


That's great to know "Ich werde wieder Deutsch lernen." have fun learning with us!


Katrin

Team GermanPod101.com

Pani.Myako
Thursday at 04:33 PM
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Ich werde wieder Deutsch zu studieren. :sunglasses: