Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Frank: Hi everyone, I’m Frank!
Gina: And I’m Gina! Welcome back to GermanPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 3, Lesson 11 - Can You Tell the Time in German? In this lesson, you’ll learn the numbers 0 through 12 and how to tell time.
Frank: This conversation takes place at Kate’s German language school and is between Kate and her teacher Mrs. Weber.
Gina: They'll be using formal German.
DIALOGUE
Frau Weber: Guten Tag und herzlich willkommen in der Goethe- Schule! Ich heiße Inge Weber und ich unterrichte seit drei Jahren hier Deutsch. Die Schule ist von zehn bis sechs Uhr geöffnet. Habt ihr noch Fragen?
Kate: Ja! Bekommen wir Hausaufgaben?
Frau Weber: Immer!
Kate: Ohh...
Gina: Let's hear the conversation one time slowly.
Frau Weber: Guten Tag und herzlich willkommen in der Goethe- Schule! Ich heiße Inge Weber und ich unterrichte seit drei Jahren hier Deutsch. Die Schule ist von zehn bis sechs Uhr geöffnet. Habt ihr noch Fragen?
Kate: Ja! Bekommen wir Hausaufgaben?
Frau Weber: Immer!
Kate: Ohh...
Gina: Now, let's hear it with English translation.
Frau Weber: Guten Tag und herzlich willkommen in der Goethe- Schule! Ich heiße Inge Weber und ich unterrichte seit drei Jahren hier Deutsch. Die Schule ist von zehn bis sechs Uhr geöffnet. Habt ihr noch Fragen?
Gina: Good day and a warm welcome to the Goethe School! My name is Inge Weber, and I’ve been teaching German here for three years. The school is open from ten until six. Do you have any questions?
Kate: Ja! Bekommen wir Hausaufgaben?
Gina: Yes! Do we get homework?
Frau Weber: Immer!
Gina: Always!
Kate: Ohh...
Gina: Ohh...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Frank: There’s quite a cultural difference with teachers in Germany. To become a teacher, you first have to complete five years of university, during which you study teaching methods and also two or three subjects.
Gina: Yeah, and afterwards, you work as an apprentice for very low pay for several years.
Frank: The trainee teachers can’t even choose where they want to teach or even the type of school. And then they have another exam.
Gina: Right. But after the apprenticeship and everything, teachers receive much better pay than in a lot of other countries. It’s also often a job for life, because civil servants can’t be fired.
Frank: That’s true. They’re also highly regarded professionals, much like doctors or policemen. Also, note that homeschooling is not allowed in Germany.
Gina: Interesting.
VOCAB LIST
Frank: immer [natural native speed]
Gina: always
Frank: immer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: immer [natural native speed]
Frank: bekommen [natural native speed]
Gina: to get, to receive
Frank: bekommen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: bekommen [natural native speed]
Frank: herzlich [natural native speed]
Gina: hearty, heartfelt
Frank: herzlich [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: herzlich [natural native speed]
Frank: Jahr [natural native speed]
Gina: year
Frank: Jahr [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Jahr [natural native speed]
Frank: seit [natural native speed]
Gina: since
Frank: seit [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: seit [natural native speed]
Frank: Uhr [natural native speed]
Gina: clock, o’clock
Frank: Uhr [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Uhr [natural native speed]
Frank: bis [natural native speed]
Gina: until
Frank: bis [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: bis [natural native speed]
Frank: Hausaufgabe [natural native speed]
Gina: homework
Frank: Hausaufgabe [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Hausaufgabe [natural native speed]
Frank: bekommen [natural native speed]
Gina: to get, to receive
Frank: bekommen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: bekommen [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Frank: The first word we’ll look at is seit.
Gina: Which means “since”. It is used to indicate an unfinished action or state that has started in the past, and is continuing in the present.
Frank: Yes, that’s right. It can be used with time spans and points in time, and so it’s the German word for “since” as well as “for,” as we just learned.
Gina: And it can also be translated as "in" when saying "in a certain time span."
Frank: Right. And we use the present tense after seit.
Gina: Let’s give our listeners a few examples, Frank!
Frank: Ich lerne seit Juni Deutsch.
Gina: “I've been learning German since June.”
Frank: Ich lerne seit 4 Monaten Deutsch.
Gina: “I've been learning German for four months.”
Frank: Ich war seit 4 Wochen nicht mehr an der Uni.
Gina: “I haven’t been to university in four weeks.”
Frank: The next word is a favourite of mine, Herzlich!
Gina: It literally means “heartily” or “hearty.” It's a warm, friendly word in German.
Frank: Yes! For example, Herzlich wilkommen
Gina: “a warm welcome” or “a heartfelt welcome!” The perfect use for this is when welcoming someone into your home.
Frank: And to express sincere thanks you can say Herzlichen Dank! This is stronger than merely Danke.
Gina: Alright, what have we got for the last word?
Frank: The last word is Uhr, which serves many purposes.
Gina: That’s right. It has two meanings in German - “hour”, and the adverb used for “o’clock”.
Frank: Uhr as in “clock” means “hour,” and it’s a feminine noun. It can also mean “watch”, as in the watch you wear on your wrist or the clock that hangs on the wall.
Gina: Interesting! Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn the numbers from 0 to 12 and how to use these numbers to understand the time.
Frank: Right! So let’s get started.
Gina: For a lot of these words, you’ll be able to see that they have the same origin as the English numbers.
Frank: So you might be able to recognize some of them!
Gina: Okay. Let’s start with “zero”,
Frank: Null.
Gina: Next is
Frank: Eins
Gina: “one”
Frank: Zwei
Gina: “two”
Frank: Drei
Gina: “three”
Frank: Vier
Gina: “four”
Frank: Fünf
Gina: “five”
Frank: Sechs
Gina: “six”
Frank: Sieben
Gina: “seven”
Frank: Acht
Gina: “eight”
Frank: Neun
Gina: “nine”
Frank: Zehn
Gina: “ten”
Frank: Elf
Gina: “eleven”
Frank: Zwölf
Gina: “twelve”.
Frank: Okay, let’s stop there for now!
Gina: And while we're talking about numbers, let’s see a few key time expressions in German! We’ll start you off with the easy ones - the o’clocks!
Frank: Ein Uhr
Gina: “one o’clock”
Frank: Zwei Uhr
Gina: “two o’clock”
Frank: Drei Uhr
Gina: “three o’clock”
Frank: Vier Uhr
Gina: “four o’clock”
Frank: Fünf Uhr
Gina: “five o’clock”
Frank: Sechs Uhr
Gina: “six o’clock”
Frank: Sieben Uhr
Gina: “seven o’clock”
Frank: Acht Uhr
Gina: “eight o’clock”
Frank: Neun Uhr
Gina: “nine o’clock”
Frank: Zehn Uhr
Gina: ”ten o’clock”
Frank: Elf Uhr
Gina: “eleven o’clock”
Frank: Zwölf Uhr
Gina: “twelve o’clock”. Okay, now the half pasts in German. Here’s the trick - In German, the time concept of half an hour is considered half an hour before the next hour as opposed to being thirty minutes past the previous hour as it is in English.
Frank: This can get confusing.
Gina: Frank, can you give some examples to help our listeners?
Frank: Sure! “Eleven-thirty” in German is halb zwölf, which is literally “half twelve”.
Gina: What it means is half an hour before twelve.
Frank: Note that it's half-before the hour, not half-past. So halb zwölf is “eleven-thirty”, not “twelve-thirty”!
Gina: Correct! We’ve put all of this information in the lesson notes, so please check them out.

Outro

Gina: And we’ll be waiting for you in the next lesson!
Frank: Bis dann! Tschüss!
Gina: See you soon!

7 Comments

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GermanPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Listeners, Can you tell the time in German? Let's practice here!

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GermanPod101.com
Friday at 7:44 am
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Hi Elizabeth,


Good question!👍

But first a little cosmetic change to your sentence:

Es ist halb fünf. (In the middle of the sentence no capital "h". We only did that

when the "halb" was the first word of the line.)


About 16:30, you can say "Es ist halb fünf nachmittags/am Nachmittag."


Thank you.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


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Elizabeth
Monday at 11:31 pm
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Es ist Halb fünf. 😎


(If it is 16:30, would I say "Es ist Halb siebzehn"? Is it possible to use Halb with numbers above Zwölf?

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GermanPod101.com
Friday at 8:13 am
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Hi Тарык,


Homework well done!👍

Just a few little things:


Es ist halb fünf jetzt. Ich habe eine Hausaufgabe für Sie. Ich lerne immer ein bißchen Deutsch. Ich hoffe dieses Jahr werde ich es so machen. Bis bald!)


Thank you.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


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Тарык
Tuesday at 11:14 am
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Es ist halb fünf Uhr jetzt. Ich habe eine Hausaufgabe bei Sie vorbeikommt. Immer ich hatte Deutsch zu lernen. Ich hoffe dieses Jahr ich werde es zu machen. Bis bald!)

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GermanPod101.com
Wednesday at 3:47 pm
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Hi Angela,


Thanks for your feedback.

Very close!

"Es ist halb zwei Uhr morgens." at 1:30 in the morning. 😉


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


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Angela
Tuesday at 3:53 pm
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Es ist halb drei Uhr morgens. It is 1:30 in the morning. Is this correct? Thanks!