Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hello and welcome back to GermanPod101.com. I’m Gina, and this is Absolute Beginner Season 3, Lesson 10 - It’s Imperative You Learn to Ride a German Bus!
Frank: Hi everyone, I’m Frank. Thanks for being here with us again.
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to give commands in German.
Frank: This conversation takes place during breakfast at the Kirsch family home.
Gina: The conversation is between Kate and Frau Kirsch.
Frank: The speakers don’t know each other very well, so they’ll be using formal German.
DIALOGUE
Frau Kirsch: Guten Morgen!
Kate: Üaaahh... Guten Morgen! Entschuldigung, ich bin noch müde.
Frau Kirsch: Es gibt Frühstück. Möchten Sie Kaffee? Wir haben auch Tee.
Kate: Kaffee ist gut.
Frau Kirsch: Und essen Sie auch etwas!
Kate : Ich habe eine Frage - wie komme ich zur Goethe-Schule?
Frau Kirsch: Nehmen Sie den Bus Nummer 48.
Gina: Let's hear the conversation one time slowly.
Frau Kirsch: Guten Morgen!
Kate: Üaaahh... Guten Morgen! Entschuldigung, ich bin noch müde.
Frau Kirsch: Es gibt Frühstück. Möchten Sie Kaffee? Wir haben auch Tee.
Kate: Kaffee ist gut.
Frau Kirsch: Und essen Sie auch etwas!
Kate : Ich habe eine Frage - wie komme ich zur Goethe-Schule?
Frau Kirsch: Nehmen Sie den Bus Nummer 48.
Gina: Now, let's hear it with English translation.
Frau Kirsch: Guten Morgen!
Gina: Good morning!
Kate: Üaaahh... Guten Morgen! Entschuldigung, ich bin noch müde.
Gina: Wahhh...Good morning! Sorry, I'm still tired...
Frau Kirsch: Es gibt Frühstück. Möchten Sie Kaffee? Wir haben auch Tee.
Gina: There's breakfast. Would you like a coffee? We have tea, too.
Kate: Kaffee ist gut.
Gina: Coffee is good.
Frau Kirsch: Und essen Sie auch etwas!
Gina: And eat something, too!
Kate : Ich habe eine Frage - wie komme ich zur Goethe-Schule?
Gina: I have a question–how do I get to the Goethe School?
Frau Kirsch: Nehmen Sie den Bus Nummer 48.
Gina: Take bus number 48.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: Bus travel in Germany has a system of its own.
Frank: That’s right! First, you need to know the bus stops. You can identify bus stops in Germany by tall metal posts, or columns bearing a flag-like white sign. And this sign should have the letter H in green on a yellow background, inside a green rimmed circle.
Gina: Even though there are a lot of independent bus companies in Germany, they all use that sign. Does H stand for something?
Frank: It stands for Haltestelle, the German word for “bus stop”.
Gina: Okay. You’ll also notice at the bus stop one or more timetables that show departure times, buses, and routes.
Frank: Yes. Once the bus is there, get on through the front door and buy a ticket there. If you already have a ticket, give it to the bus driver, because some areas are very strict about that.
Gina: You can buy single pass tickets, which are available within a certain zone. You can also buy reduced fare tickets, multi-pass tickets, or day tickets.
Frank: Just hand the money directly to the bus driver and he'll give you change. But if you have some very large bills, he might not accept them.
Gina: Be alert and hit the button labeled “Halt” or “Stop” as the bus draws closer to your desired stop. The bus won’t automatically stop, so keep this in mind.
Frank: This can be tricky if you don’t know the area. Modern buses have an electronic display that shows what the next stop is.
Gina: Otherwise, you’ll have to ask a local.
Frank: And as the bus comes to a stop, go out the back door. If the driver doesn't open the door right away, look for another button near the door that will open it for you.
Gina: Those are some good tips.
VOCAB LIST
Frank: Kaffee [natural native speed]
Gina: coffee
Frank: Kaffee [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Kaffee [natural native speed]
Frank: einfach [natural native speed]
Gina: easy, simply
Frank: einfach [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: einfach [natural native speed]
Frank: Frühstück [natural native speed]
Gina: breakfast
Frank: Frühstück [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Frühstück [natural native speed]
Frank: Morgen [natural native speed]
Gina: morning
Frank: Morgen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Morgen [natural native speed]
Frank: nehmen [natural native speed]
Gina: to take
Frank: nehmen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: nehmen [natural native speed]
Frank: Bus [natural native speed]
Gina: bus
Frank: Bus [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Bus [natural native speed]
Frank: noch [natural native speed]
Gina: still, yet, another
Frank: noch [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: noch [natural native speed]
Frank: Tee [natural native speed]
Gina: tea
Frank: Tee [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Tee [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Frank: The first word we'll take a look at is einfach
Gina: It means “easy” or “simple”, and it also means “simply” or “just”. In German, adjectives and adverbs always look the same.
Frank: That’s why gut can mean “good” or “well” and müde can mean “tired” or “in a tired way” as in the adverb formation.
Gina: What’s next?
Frank: Next we have Frühstück .
Gina: Meaning “breakfast”. The word class can also be changed to a verb that literally means “to breakfast”, in other words “to have breakfast”.
Frank: So the verb is frühstücken.
Gina: It follows the typical rule of the -en ending at the end of an infinitive form. Let’s hear an example.
Frank: Wann frühstücken wir?
Gina: “When are we having breakfast?”
Frank: Also, the breakdown of the noun Frühstück is quite interesting too, because früh means “early”, while Stück means “piece”.
Gina: The logic behind this is to have an early piece of food, and that means breakfast!
Frank: Right! The last word is Noch, which means “still”, “yet”, or “else”.
Gina: The position of this word in the sentence is quite flexible. Can you give us an example?
Frank: sure! Hast du noch Zeit?
Gina: “Do you still have time?”
Frank: Or Gibt es noch Milch?
Gina: “Is there still milk?” Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the imperative.
Frank: The imperative is used to give commands and also to make polite requests if you add bitte. There's a formal imperative for people that you address as Sie, and there’s an informal imperative for family, friends, and kids.
Gina: In German, the formal imperative is just the same as the formal present tense, except the verb comes first and Sie comes second.
Frank: So for example, Gehen Sie!
Gina: “Go!”
Frank: Kommen Sie!
Gina: “Come!”
Frank: Nehmen Sie den Bus!
Gina: “Take the bus!”
Frank: If it wasn’t imperative, it would be Sie nehmen den Bus.
Gina: “You’re taking the bus.”
Frank: The informal imperative is more interesting. The conjugation matches the second person informal pronoun du.
Gina: For this formation, the verb conjugates without any ending and no pronoun, so we just have the verb.
Frank: Yeah! like Geh! instead of Komm! or “come”. You would also use this one with people you’re insulting.
Gina: Finally, if you want to make a suggestion and include yourself, as in the English “Let’s go,” you can use another type of imperative in German for the first person plural.
Frank: For this, just place wir after, rather than before, the first person plural form. For example, Gehen wir!
Gina: “Let’s go!”
Frank: Lernen wir Deutsch!.
Gina: “Let’s learn German!”
Frank: This is also a nice, friendly way of using the imperative.
Gina: Frank, let’s go through the most essential forms of the imperative in German.
Frank: Great! First, the imperative for the verb haben
Gina: “to have”
Frank: Hab! This is part of the du hab construction, only the du is omitted. Hab!
Gina: How about with the plural second person, “you”?
Frank: This one has a -t at the end. Habt, deriving from ihr habt!
Gina: Next is...
Frank: haben Sie....
Gina: which is the imperative “you” form of “have”. And finally, the “let’s have” imperative version of “we.”
Frank: haben wir
Gina: Okay, great! That’s the verb “to have” covered.
Frank: Now, let’s cover another important verb, sein, meaning “to be”
Gina: For the informal second person form meaning “you be”, it's sei.
Frank: For example, Sei positiv!
Gina: “Be positive!” How about the plural form of “you”?
Frank: ihr seid! Or just seid.
Gina: How about the polite form?
Frank: Seien Sie!
Gina: And then “let’s be” would be?
Frank: Seien wir.
Gina: The good news is that the imperative forms of sein are close to the infinitive, so they should be quite easy to remember!
Frank: Right! We have sei, seid, and seien, which all sound very close to sein!
Gina: We’ve included a lot more in the lesson notes so you can master these formations.
Frank: And use them with confidence!
Gina: So be sure to check them out!

Outro

Gina: Ok, that’s all for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and see you next time!
Frank: Also, bis nächstes Mal!
Gina: Bye!

7 Comments

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GermanPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hello Listeners, let's practice the imperative form in German!

GermanPod101.com
Thursday at 8:21 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Elizabeth,


Good question.👍


You would say "Trink weniger!" to a single person that you know well.

In case of a group of people that you know well, you say "Trinkt weniger!"

As for your last example, I think "Lasst uns weniger trinken!" would be the most

natural way to say it.


Thank you.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


Elizabeth
Tuesday at 7:06 pm
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Besides "haben" and "sein", is there no form for "ihr" when forming imperatives? For example, could you use "Trink weniger" when talking to a group of people that you know well? Or would you include yourself and say, "Trinken wir weniger"?


Danke 😁

GermanPod101.com
Thursday at 8:05 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Тарык,


Your daily lesson😉:


Ach so... praktizieren wir Deutsch jetzt noch ein bisschen. Es sind noch 2 Stunde bis zum Frühstück.


Thank you.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


Тарык
Saturday at 12:35 pm
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Ach so... praktischen wir Deutsch jetzt ein bisschen. Gibt es noch 2 Stunde für Frühstückten.

GermanPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 8:47 pm
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Hi Peter,


Thank you for posting.


That's great to know! :)


Please also check out our Vocabulary lists for more interesting words:

https://www.germanpod101.com/german-vocabulary-lists/


Looking forward to seeing you often here.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team GermanPod101.com

Peter
Sunday at 1:27 am
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Hi guys,


Long time no post but I've just got to let you know that my favourite German word so far has to be irgendwie (anyway, somehow) because it sounds so darn cute!


Peter :)