Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute German Season 1, Lesson 17 - Why are you late? In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask why in German.
Body
Eric: Here's the informal way to ask 'Why are you late?' in German.
Albert: [Normal] Warum bist du zu spät?
Eric: First is a word meaning 'why'
Albert: [Normal] Warum [Slow] Warum
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'are'
Albert: [Normal] bist [Slow] bist
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'you’ (informal)
Albert: [Normal] du [Slow] du
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'too,’ as in ‘too much'
Albert: [Normal] zu [Slow] zu
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'late'
Albert: [Normal] spät [Slow] spät
Eric: Note the rising intonation. Listen again to the informal question meaning 'Why are you late?'
Albert: [Slow] Warum bist du zu spät? [Normal] Warum bist du zu spät?
Eric: Now, imagine you're speaking to a stranger. Here's the informal way to say, 'I missed the train.'
Albert: [Normal] Ich habe den Zug verpasst.
Eric: First is a word meaning 'I'
Albert: [Normal] Ich [Slow] Ich
Eric: Next comes the word meaning 'to have'
Albert: [Normal] habe [Slow] habe
Eric: Following that comes the word meaning 'the'
Albert: [Normal] den [Slow] den
Eric: Then comes the word meaning 'train'
Albert: [Normal] Zug [Slow] Zug
Eric: And finally, we have the word for 'missed,’ or ‘lost'
Albert: [Normal] verpasst [Slow] verpasst
Eric: Listen again to the informal phrase meaning 'I missed the train.'
Albert: [Slow] Ich habe den Zug verpasst. [Normal] Ich habe den Zug verpasst.
Eric: Here's a question meaning 'Why did you buy this?'
Albert: [Normal] Warum hast du das gekauft?
Eric: First comes the word meaning 'why'
Albert: [Normal] Warum [Slow] Warum
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'to have'
Albert: [Normal] hast [Slow] hast
Eric: Followed by the word meaning 'you'
Albert: [Normal] du [Slow] du
Eric: Then we have the word meaning 'that'
Albert: [Normal] das [Slow] das
Eric: And finally comes the word for 'bought'
Albert: [Normal] gekauft [Slow] gekauft
Eric: Listeners, please note the rising intonation. Listen again to the question, 'Why did you buy this?'
Albert: [Slow] Warum hast du das gekauft? [Normal] Warum hast du das gekauft?
Eric: Here's a response meaning, 'To buy a gift.'
Albert: [Normal] Um ein Geschenk zu kaufen.
Eric: First, we have the word meaning 'in order to'
Albert: [Normal] um [Slow] um
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'a,’ or ‘an'
Albert: [Normal] ein [Slow] ein
Eric: Then comes the word meaning 'present, gift'
Albert: [Normal] Geschenk [Slow] Geschenk
Eric: Followed by the word meaning 'too (much)'
Albert: [Normal] zu [Slow] zu
Eric: And lastly we have the word meaning 'to buy'
Albert: [Normal] kaufen [Slow] kaufen
Eric: Listen again to the response meaning 'To buy a gift.'
Albert: [Slow] Um ein Geschenk zu kaufen. [Normal] Um ein Geschenk zu kaufen.
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Albert: A famous expression in German is
Warum nicht? which means "Why not?" just like in English.
You can use this phrase to accept a proposition if you agree but are not really keen on doing so, or if the question was posed spontaneously.
For example, if a friend asks you suddenly "How about we go to the cinema tonight?"
You can answer Warum nicht? which means, "Why not?"

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!

11 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GermanPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Listeners! Why are you studying German?

GermanPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:43 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Josnei,


Thank you for an interesting question.😉


With the car you would use "kaufen". "Einkaufen" is more

used when you buy things you can put in a shopping basket,

therefore "ein", similar to the English "in".

"aufkaufen" is used when you want to say that someone is buying

all of what's there, and "ankaufen" is mostly used for real estate and also

secondhand goods.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com

Josnei
Tuesday at 09:31 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Is it correct to say: Ich möchte ein neues Auto einkaufen?

or only this one is correct: Ich möchte ein neues Auto kaufen?

Can you please clarify the differece between kaufen, einkaufen, aufkaufen and ankaufen?

Josnei
Tuesday at 08:46 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ich lerne gern neue Sprachen

GermanPod101.com
Friday at 07:51 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Elizabeth,


Those are two excellent reasons for studying any language.😄

Two little things I would change:

Ich möchte mit meinen Freunden Deutsch sprechen. Und außerdem, warum nicht?


Thank you.


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


Elizabeth
Wednesday at 09:58 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Warum studiere ich Deutsch? Das ist eine gute Frage. Ich möchte mit meine Freunde Deutsch sprechen. Und auch, warum nicht? 😄

GermanPod101.com
Thursday at 09:28 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Charlie,


You are a hardworking student. Keep going!


Please allow me to make a few little changes to your sentences:

Ich möchte gerne die Muttersprache meiner Großmutter verstehen. Auch meine Frau und ich wollen Ferien

in Deutschland machen.


Thank you.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


Charlie
Sunday at 08:08 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ich wolle verstehen meine Großmutter Muttersprache verstehen. Auch meine Frau und ich wollen einen Ferien in Deutschland.

GermanPod101.com Verified
Friday at 05:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Soraya,


Thank you for your comments. We're glad to hear that you enjoy studying with GermanPod101.com ?.

Let me do some small corrections:

"Mein Bruder gab mir ein Geschenk namens GermanPod101. Danke für das schöne Geschenk."

"Ich möchte in naher Zukunft nach Deutschland kommen, wenn es möglich ist und meine Tochter dort studieren wird."


That sounds like a great plan ?!


Sincerely,


Anne

Team GermanPod101.com

soraya
Sunday at 06:45 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

mein Bruder gab mir ein Geschenk names ;Germanpod101.Danke fur ein schonen Geschenk.

soraya
Sunday at 06:29 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ich muchte in naher Zukunft nach Deutschland kommen;wenn es moglich ist und meine Tochter dort studieren wird.