Start Learning German in the next 30 Seconds with a Free Lifetime Account
Hey listeners! Did we miss any other holiday greetings? Write them down here!
Thank you for sharing ?!
Wow, thanks, Annette! That's incredibly helpful both for this question and in general! Vielen Dank!
The best explanation I have come across is below.
• A determiner is any der-word (der/das/die, dieser, jener etc.), or any ein-word with an ending (eine, einen, einem, keine, keines, meine, seine, ihre, unsere etc.,BUT NOT ein, kein, mein, sein, ihr, unser, euer).
• If there is a determiner preceding the adjective, the adjective will end in -e or -en("weak endings"), according to the following table:
M N F Pl
Nominative -e -e -e -en
Accusative -en -e -e -en
Dative -en -en -en -en
Genitive -en -en -en -en
• If there is no determiner preceding the adjective, the adjective will take (roughly) the same ending that der/das/die would have had if it had preceded the noun ("strong endings"). This amounts to the following table of endings:
endings"). This amounts to the following table of endings:
M N F Pl
Nominative -er (der) -es (das) -e (die) -e (die)
Accusative -en (den) -es (das) -e (die) -e (die)
Dative -em (dem) -em (dem)-er (der) -en (den)
Genitive -en (des) -en (des) -er (der) -er (der)
o If there is more than one adjective preceding a noun, they will all take the same ending.
o If the adjective does not precede the noun, it takes no ending!
o Ein-word endings are not the same as adjective endings! Click here to review the ein-word endings.
o There are a few special cases:
Viel and wenig take no adjective endings in the singular when they are not preceded by a determiner (which they usually aren't).They take regular adjective endings in the plural.
Hoch drops the "c" and adjectives ending in -el or -er drop their final "e" when they take adjective endings.
Some adjectives never take endings, e.g. prima [=great], lila [=purple],rosa [=pink], orange, beige
I'm a bit confused. Why is it "Haben Sie ein glückliches NEUES Jahr" but "Die besten Wünsche für das NEUE Jahr"? I realize the usage/case is a bit different, but Jahr is neuter, so I don't understand how it can ever be "neue". If anything, I could MAYBE wrap my mind around "für das neuem Jahr" but that doesn't seem right either. Can someone please enlighten me? :-(