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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to The Ultimate German Pronunciation Guide.
In this lesson, we'll cover diphthongs and combinations with the Letter S in German.
DIPHTHONGS
First let's talk a bit about German diphthongs.
A diphthong, refers to two vowel sounds that are pronounced together within the same syllable. You can kind of think of it like gliding from one vowel to the next very quickly, almost as if to blend the two sounds together.
English has diphthongs as well.
Take the word 'loin' for example.
It's not pronounced 'lo-in', but 'loin'.
Or the word 'foul'. It's not 'fo-ul', but 'foul'.
Notice the difference?
GERMAN DIPHTHONGS
Okay, now let's have a look at some of the most common diphthongs in German.
When the letter A is followed by a U, the two vowel sounds merge.
a, u,
au
Haus (house)
It's like the vowel sounds in the English word 'house'. Listen to a few examples.
Maus (mouse)
Frau (woman)
Auge (eye)
aus (off)
brauchen (to need something)
The next diphthong sound is...
e, i,
ei
Eier (egg)
It's like the vowels sounds in the word 'kite'. Listen to a few examples.
Bayern (bavaria)
Mai (may)
Meyer (German name)
The next diphthong sound is...
e, u
eu
heute (today)
It's the like the vowel sounds in the word 'noise'. Listen to a few examples.
Feuer, Freude, Leute (fire, joy, people)
Hรคuser, Frรคulein (houses, miss)
Okay, got the hang of it? Well that's all for diphthongs.
COMBINATIONS WITH THE LETTER S
Now let's move on to combinations with the letter S.
Much like English, the sound changes when S is combined with other consonants.
In German, when the letter S is combined with H or CH, the entire syllable becomes a 'sh' sound. Like the 'sh' in the word 'ship'.
Show (show)
Shareware (shareware)
Scheck (cheque)
komisch (funny)
Fisch (fish)
When the letter S is followed by a P or a T. The S itself changes to a sh sound.
s, p
sp
Spiel (game)
This only happens when it's at the start of a word.
sprechen (to speak)
sparen (to save)
The same applies with S and T.
s, t
st
Stadt (city)
studieren (to study)
Standort (location)
Okay, that's all for combinations with the letter S.
In this lesson, we covered diphthongs in German and combinations with the letter S.
In the next lesson, we'll cover stress, rhythm and intonation.
Does your language have similar diphthongs and rules with the letter S? Let us know in the comments.
See you in the next Ultimate German Pronunciation Guide lesson!

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๐Ÿ˜„ ๐Ÿ˜ž ๐Ÿ˜ณ ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜’ ๐Ÿ˜Ž ๐Ÿ˜  ๐Ÿ˜† ๐Ÿ˜… ๐Ÿ˜œ ๐Ÿ˜‰ ๐Ÿ˜ญ ๐Ÿ˜‡ ๐Ÿ˜ด ๐Ÿ˜ฎ ๐Ÿ˜ˆ โค๏ธ๏ธ ๐Ÿ‘
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
GermanPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Let us know if you have any questions.

user profile picture
Wills
Tuesday at 1:22 am
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Thank you

user profile picture
GermanPod101.com
Wednesday at 10:59 am
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Hello Wills,


Thank you for your quick reply.

It would go beyond the framework of this community blog to explain

all of it but I did find a Wikipedia article regarding all the changes:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_orthography_reform_of_1996


I have to admit, I have not read the whole article from top to bottom and I therefore

cannot vouch for complete correctness.


I hope this helps.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


user profile picture
Wills
Friday at 6:21 am
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Guten tag Reinhard,


Danke, I looked on Youtube and I found this link https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRcPFig1o5k

This guy demonstrates for the learner a step by step how to write it. So that is why I asked because I was confused whether to write it like this รŸ or ss! May I ask what are the rules that changed few years ago?

user profile picture
GermanPod101.com
Thursday at 4:06 pm
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Hi Wills,


Thank you for getting back to us on this.

I am the one who has to apologize. I was trying to be

funny: "sharp" pencil - "scharfes" S.

As to when to use "ss" and when to use "รŸ", there has been a lot of

confusion since the rules have changed a few

years ago. I think we should do a lesson on it one day. I cannot explain

it all in this comment, I am sorry.

But if in doubt, "ss" is always acceptable.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


user profile picture
Wills
Tuesday at 12:44 am
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I should have explained myself in English... yes of course you write with a pen or pencil obviously! but I mean do you write it with double is for example: Hof am FuรŸ der.... so the word Fuss or FuรŸ as in a letter B not on a keyboard or text messaging. I am so sorry for not thoroughly explaining my question.

user profile picture
GermanPod101.com
Monday at 7:46 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Wills,


Thank you for your feedback.

How to write "scharfes S"? With a sharp

pencil, I guess. ๐Ÿ˜‰


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com



user profile picture
Wills
Friday at 12:27 am
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๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„Danke shรถn.... Ich habe language pack, oder wie schreibst du ein รŸ using stift... pen

user profile picture
GermanPod101.com
Thursday at 7:39 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Wills,


Thank you for a good question.

I personally have installed a German language pack on my computer

and I have figured out which key corresponds to รŸ on my keyboard when

I switch to German.

Also, you can try holding down the Alt-key and type 0223. Apart from that, "ss" is

quite acceptable instead.


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Reinhard

Team GermanPod101.com


user profile picture
Wills
Wednesday at 12:44 am
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wie schreibst du ein scharfes รŸ?

user profile picture
Wills
Friday at 8:19 pm
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wie schreibst du รŸ, oder nicht tastatur?