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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Gabriella: Hello everyone, and welcome to GermanPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 1 - Learning the Basics of German.
Frank:Hi everyone! Frank here.
Gabriella:Thanks for joining us for this course! We’re going to take you on an exciting ride of German language and culture. Let’s get started!
Frank:In this lesson, you’ll learn the regular verb conjugation, and how to talk to a stranger in Germany.
Gabriella:The conversation takes place on a street in Germany.
Frank:It’s between two speakers, Kate and Jens.
Gabriella:They’re strangers meeting for the first time, so they’ll be using formal German.
Jens: Entschuldigung...
Kate: Ja?
Jens: Wie heißen Sie?
Kate: Ich heiße Kate Andrews.
Jens: Ich heiße Jens Schneider!
Kate: Ich freue mich, Sie kennen zu lernen!
Jens: Ja, freut mich auch!
Gina: Let's hear the conversation one time slowly.
Jens: Entschuldigung...
Kate: Ja?
Jens: Wie heißen Sie?
Kate: Ich heiße Kate Andrews.
Jens: Ich heiße Jens Schneider!
Kate: Ich freue mich, Sie kennen zu lernen!
Jens: Ja, freut mich auch!
Gina: Now, let's hear it with English translation.
Jens: Entschuldigung...
Gabriella: Excuse me...
Kate: Ja?
Gabriella: Yes?
Jens: Wie heißen Sie?
Gabriella: What's your name?
Kate: Ich heiße Kate Andrews.
Gabriella: My name is Kate Andrews.
Jens: Ich heiße Jens Schneider!
Gabriella: I'm Jens Schneider!
Kate: Ich freue mich, Sie kennen zu lernen!
Gabriella: It's nice to meet you!
Jens: Ja, freut mich auch!
Gabriella: Yes, you too!
Gabriella:Frank, tell me, when Germans meet someone for the first time, do they ever hug or exchange kisses?
Frank:Well, young people do this. It's a custom that Germans imported from the neighboring French.
Gabriella:It sounds quite trendy.
Frank:It is. Most Germans will shake hands while nodding their heads slightly.
Gabriella:This nod prevents prolonged eye contact, which can be perceived as arrogant. And older or higher-ranking people should offer their hand first.
Frank:Right, if you fail to observe this rule, some people may turn your handshake down.
Gabriella:This is pretty unlikely, though, right?
Frank:Yes, thankfully.
Frank: ich [natural native speed]
Gabriella: I
Frank: ich [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: ich [natural native speed]
Frank: auch [natural native speed]
Gabriella: also, too
Frank: auch [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: auch [natural native speed]
Frank: ja [natural native speed]
Gabriella: yes
Frank: ja [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: ja [natural native speed]
Frank: sich freuen [natural native speed]
Gabriella : to be happy
Frank: sich freuen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank : sich freuen [natural native speed]
Frank: heißen [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to be called
Frank: heißen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: heißen [natural native speed]
Frank: Entschuldigung [natural native speed]
Gabriella: apology, excuse me, I’m sorry
Frank: Entschuldigung [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Entschuldigung [natural native speed]
Frank: Sie [natural native speed]
Gabriella: you (formal)
Frank: Sie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Frank: Sie [natural native speed]
Gabriella:Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Frank:The first word we’ll look at is Sie.
Gabriella:This is the formal word for “You.” Like in French, Spanish, and other languages, the word for "you" changes depending on formality.
Frank:If you’re addressing somebody by their family name, then you should also call them Sie.
Gabriella:There's another word for "you" for informal situations.
Frank:Yes, and it’s Du.
Gabriella:But Sie is the default, except when you’re talking to children or people who explicitly ask you to switch to this informal manner of address. As a foreigner, you would do well to address everybody as Sie initially.
Frank:When you switch between these Sie and Du you also have to change the form of the verb in the sentence.
Gabriella:But we'll cover this in more detail later. Next, in the dialogue, both Jens and Kate used variations on "sich freuen."
Frank:Yes, Kate said "Ich freue mich" as part of the expression meaning "I'm pleased to meet you."
Gabriella:And Jens said in response "freut mich auch," or, “I'm also glad”.
Frank:How these work on a grammatical level is a bit outside the scope of this lesson.
Gabriella:But you will hear these used all the time in formal conversations. Please check out the lesson notes for more detail on this phrase.
Frank:Now, last we have "Entschuldigung."
Gabriella:This means "I'm sorry" or "Excuse me," and can also be used to get someone's attention.
Frank:That's right, it's a very handy expression.
Gabriella:Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Gabriella:In this lesson, you’ll learn about conjugating regular verbs.
Frank:"Conjugating" means changing the ending of the verb depending on who or what is doing the action. For example, it will change if the person doing the action is one person or many.
Gabriella:Right, and verbs will also conjugate, or change, if it is in the first, second, or third person.
Frank:And in a number of other situations too, such as when verbs describe actions that have taken place in the past.
Gabriella:When you look in the dictionary, German verbs all end in “EN."
Frank:This form is called the infinitive. It's a special form of the verb, which you will learn more about later.
Gabriella:For now, you can think of it as a verb stripped down to its essential meaning. That doesn’t mean that verbs will always end in “EN" though.
Frank:Right, in a simple sentence, it will have a subject, like "I" in the sentence "I sing." This subject can force the verb to change its form. In German, "I" is
Gabriella: ich,
Gabriella:Now the verb "to sing" is "singen" in the infinitive. But if it has the subject "ich," it will change to...
Gabriella:Together, that's
Frank:ich singe
Gabriella:The informal word for "you" is
Frank: du
Gabriella:With du, though, you can't say singe. In this situation, the verb will change to
Gabriella:Here is "you sing".
Frank:Du singst
Gabriella:So singe changed to singst. Frank, what are the words for he, she, and it?
Frank:Er is “he”, Sie is “she”, and Es is “it”. When you use these, you need to change the verb for "sing" to Singt.
Gabriella:The sentence, "He sings," is
Frank:Er Singt.
Gabriella:And the sentence "She sings" is
Frank:Sie Singt.
Gabriella:The sentence, "It sings" is
Frank: Es Singt.
Gabriella:Okay, and the word for "we" is
Gabriella:And the sentence "we sing," then, is
Frank:Wir singen.
Gabriella:Great! That's easy. It's just like the infinitive. Now the plural version of "you" is
Frank: Ihr
Gabriella:Then the sentence, "You all sing," is
Frank:Ihr singt.
Gabriella:Finally, we have the third person plural, "they,"
Frank: sie
Gabriella:For this, you can just use the same form as the infinitive
Gabriella:Here's the sentence, "They sing."
Frank:Sie singen.
Gabriella:Now, there's also a formal version of "you," which is
Gabriella:With this, you also use the same form as the infinitive, singen. So the formal sentence "You sing," is
Frank:Sie singen.
Gabriella:Listeners, let's practice. The German word for "to drink" is
Gabriella:So "I drink" is
Frank: ich trinke
Gabriella:And the formal sentence, "You drink" is
Frank: Sie trinken
Gabriella:Make sure to check out the lesson notes and practice these forms out loud. You can also practice them in the lesson comments!


Gabriella:That’s all for this lesson. Thanks for listening everyone!
Frank:And be sure to join us for the next lesson. Tschüss!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GermanPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Welcome to GermanPod101.com!

Let's introduce yourself in German! Wie heißen Sie?

GermanPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:29 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hallo Onkar,

We are very sorry for the inconvenience. I will forward your feedback to our team for consideration.

If you have any further feedback or questions, we are glad to assist.

Mit freundlichen Grüßen,


Team GermanPod101.com

Monday at 03:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I see some issues while reading from vocablary list in lesson transcript , the podcast and these writings are different and one fails to understand what to focus on , I think it might be that misalignment of dialogues , but kennen lernen was missing . So I request to kindly take look into this to resolve the issue

Thursday at 07:12 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Sam,

Thank you for contacting us.

Nice to hear that you like our lessons. Your German

is already quite good, by the way.

In order to progress further we would definitely recommend

to move on beyond lesson 1 and 2. When lessons seem to be

similar sometimes, that is because one builds on the other, but you will

always learn something new.

Also, please allow me to make a few tiny little changes to your


Aber ich möchte gerne wissen ob ich Absolute Beginner 3 auch hören sollte?

If you have any further questions, please let us know.

Kind regards,


Team GermanPod101.com

Wednesday at 07:30 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hallo :) Ich heiße Sam. Ich habe Absolute Beginner 1 und Absolute Beginner 2 gehört. Ich finde die sehr toll. Aber ich möchte kennen, sollte ich auch Absolute Beginner 3 horen? Der Inhalt ist sehr ähnlich.

Vielen Dank!


Team Germanpod101.com
Saturday at 02:12 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Jr Smith,

Thanks for the comment.

Please have a look for my corrections:

Hey Leute, I’m JR Smith. Ich bin 18 Jahre und ich mag diesen Podcast.

Please let me know if you have any other questions.



Team Germanpod101.com

JR smith
Tuesday at 04:26 PM
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Hey leute I'm JR smith Ich bin 18 jahre Ich gern dieste application danke ✅??❤️❤️

GermanPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:57 PM
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Hallo Annie,

ich heiße Clara! :smile:

Vielen Dank!


Team GermanPod101.com

Sunday at 08:18 PM
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Guten Tag,

Ich heiße Annie.

Sunday at 02:48 AM
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Vielen Dank :smile:

GermanPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:25 PM
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Hallo Ahmed,

sehr gut gemacht, dein Deutsch klingt toll! (very well done, your German sounds great!)

Danke für den Kommentar (thanks for commenting!)

Bis bald,


Team GermanPod101.com