German might sound like a difficult language to learn when you hear a fluent native speaker, but it really is not too difficult. The German pronunciation of the words is actually one of the simpler parts of the language to learn. However, you will want to know some of the basics of how to pronounce various parts of the language so you will be able to put it into practice with the German words that you are learning. Learning the way that the language is similar to and different from English can be very beneficial for those who want to grasp the intricacies of proper pronunciation.
Sounds and Syllables
When you learn to write German, you will see that they have 8 different vowels – a, e, i, o, u as well as those with umlauts ä, ö, and ü. The language also has 22 consonants – b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z, and Eszett ß. They have 30 letters, but they have far more sounds than letters. They have blocks of letters that form syllables
You will find long and short vowels in the language. The short vowel a is pronounced as the “a” in paste, while the long vowel “a” is pronounced as in godfather with an “ah” sound. The short vowel e is pronounced as the “e” in pea, with the long vowel pronounced as the “e” in earth. Short vowel i sounds like the “i” in island, with the long vowel sounding like the “eh” sound in hedgehog. Short vowel o sounds similar to barrel, while the long vowel sounds like the “o” in ton. The short vowel sound of “u” sounds similar to below, while the long vowel sounds similar to the “u” in bus. The short vowel ä as a sound similar to the “ee” in sleeve, and no long vowel sound. The short vowel ö has a sound similar to the “oo” sound in the word flute, and the long vowel sound similar to open. The short vowel sound of ü is u similar to the “o” in coast, with the long vowel sound being similar to the word bag.
The German language has a number of different pronunciation quirks that you will want to learn. As you become more familiar with the language, you will find that the German pronunciation does start to get easier.